At Bethel, the Center for Access and Integration serves individuals with disabilities in a variety of ways. The BUILD program and the Office of Accessibility Resources and Services are both housed in the center. Additionally, we host workshops, seminars, and conferences related to serving the greater community impacted by individuals with disabilities.

Also, the center sponsors important research related to the field of disabilities. This list of publications includes all of the Master's Theses from the Special Education program and the Doctoral Dissertations that are primarily focused on Special Education as a resource for research to support access and integration in education.

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Theses/Dissertations from 2021

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The Effects Poverty Has on Students in Special education, Morgan Marie Auge
Poverty is an issue around the world that affects children and their academic achievement. In the United States 21% of children are raised in poverty. Children from poverty have a higher risk of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders i...

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Effects of social media on adolescents, Jeffrey Scott Erickson
Social media has a strong influence on adolescents. The effects of social media use can be both positive and negative for adolescents. Social media makes adolescents feel more connected to their friends, family, and interests. On the other ...

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Special Education Teachers and Burnout: the Factors That Contribute to it and Effective Strategies That Combat it, Sydni M. Fancher
This thesis will explore the reasons behind teacher burnout in special education. The field of special education has increased dramatically throughout the years. As more research is being done to determine the various disabilities out there...

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Restorative Justice in Schools - The Impact and Implementation, Chad Edward Felty
Are restorative practices producing fewer negative outcomes for students and improving relationships within schools? The following literature review and application looked at the effectiveness of restorative practices in schools. The eviden...

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Impact of Relative Age on Need for Special Education Services, Leonie Giles
This thesis consists of a literature review of research on a potential correlation between a student's birthdate, age upon entry into kindergarten, and the potential need for special education services while in elementary school. Results we...

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The Educational Impact That Social Media Has on School Age Children's Mental Health and Educational Experiences, Kasondra Janc
Studies have shown that school involvement and the policies that they have created can impact adolescents’ mental health. Social media is one of the most widely used online platforms and a reason why school-aged children want cell-phones, t...

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Response to Intervention in Child Find, Eucabeth Kimaiga
This thesis highlights RTI and child-find under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA) federal law, revised in the special edition of 2011. In 2011, the child find mandate was the focus of the IDEA regarding the ...

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Understanding the Needs of Children in Poverty to Improve Academic Achievement: A Literature Review, Christy Michele Lothrop
Poverty affects one in five children in the U.S., where 50% of public schools identify as mid-high or high-poverty schools. Decades of research confirms a significant and constant economic academic achievement gap. This literature review so...

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The Impact of Visual Schedules for Students With Disabilities: A Literature Review, Kristine L. McDonald
The purpose of this empirical research literature with application emphasis was conducted so I could better understand the effects of visual schedules and video modeling. Visual schedules and video modeling showed an increase of independenc...

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The Impact of Mindfulness Practice on Adolescents With Special Needs and Mental Health Diagnosis, Rebecca Jean McQuiston
Students with mental health diagnosis, trauma or special education labels such as emotional behavioral disorder or learning disabilities often show signs of distress, and/or dysregulation in the classroom. They are referred to providers and...

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Student Anxiety and Practical Strategies for the School Setting: A Literature Review, Cassie M. Ott
Since 2010, anxiety levels have risen worldwide. Children and adolescents are particularly susceptible to anxiety as they experience varied life challenges. Considering anxiety disorders most common in youth (generalized anxiety disorder (G...

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Promoting Self-Management Skills Among Students with Disabilities Within the General Education Classroom, Elisabeth A. Pagel
The purpose of this action research project was to determine how educators can promote self-management skills among students with disabilities in the general education classroom. Previous studies were used to summarize the current state of ...

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Students With Special Needs and Their Ability to Self-monitor Goals, Erin L. Schmitz
Self-monitoring behavior is one way students can be involved in their learning. Research shows that desired behaviors increase, and academic performance improves, when students monitor their behavior during class. This action research proje...

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A Quantitative Study of Factors Influencing Special Education Teachers’ Attrition: The Relationships Between Burnout, Personality, and Organizational Factors, Erin Lavery Wanat
The purpose of this study was to examine if there is a relationship between independent variables—special education teachers’ emotional/interpersonal stressors, personality type, and worklife variables—and special education teachers’ burnou...

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Using Arts to Improve Academic Outcomes for Students With Disabilities, Melissa Jean Briggs Wood
Theatre is often used as a tool in the classroom to target specific skills in language arts classes. More and more, it is being woven into curriculums outside of the language arts classroom to explore multi-disciplinary teaching. Theatre ar...

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The Relationship between Inclusive Classroom Practice and Student Self-Perception Outcomes, Jenifer York
The majority of students with special education needs spend of 80% their time in general education classrooms (National Center for Education Statistics, 2019c). While participation in general education classes is linked to positive outcomes...

Theses/Dissertations from 2020

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Inclusion Model Impact on Students with Disabilities in Academic Settings, Michael Anthony Adams
This study explored how the special education inclusion model impacted students with disabilities in several South Georgia counties. The researcher determined there were differences in perceptions and actual progression based on the finding...

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Only you can prevent burnout?: Factors influencing job satisfaction among special education teachers, Alicia Michelle Alexander
Special education teacher (SET) burnout is a complex problem impacting teacher health, student outcomes, and job satisfaction. This review examined burnout literature with special education teachers as participants in US studies between 197...

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Adding Movement to Enhance Learning in Special Education, Jennifer S. Ammermann
Academic achievements, standardized tests, and school accountability have resulted in children spending more time with seatwork and less time in recess and physical education. Recent brain research shows that cognitive skills develop with m...

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Perspectives on the Quality of the Student-Teacher Relationship between Students with a Disability and Typically Developing Students and Developmental Outcomes, Hannah Rae Bast
Little research has compared the student-teacher relationship between students with a disability and students with typical development. More specifically, the quality of the relationship between the student and the teacher. Measuring the am...

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Therapeutic Interventions that Increase Engagement for Students with Autism, Rachel B. Berndt
Students with autism require unique programming to increase engagement in the classroom setting. This literature review is a collection of research-based studies involving animal assisted interventions, music therapy, art therapy, speech-la...

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Identifying the Best Practices for the Twice Exceptional Learner, Edison Boelter
The objective of this thesis is to find the best research-based practices available for the twice exceptional learner. Twice exceptional learners are a growing percentage of the population in the academic community, and yet educators are gr...

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How Does Work-Based Learning Help Prepare Students For Life After High School, Frank A. Cacich
Work based learning is part of career and technical education that can help students to be better prepared for life after highschool. There are many different types of programs that make up a work based learning programming. These programs ...

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Effective Social Emotional Lessons and Strategies for Center Based Students With Emotional and Behavioral Disabilities, Kevin M. Collings
Social Emotional Learning (SEL) has become a popular phrase in all aspects of the educational world of the last couple decades. Research shows the clear need for teaching students the skills they need to function socially and emotionally. T...

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Teacher Burnout: Measuring, Contributing Factors, and Prevention, Lisa A. Dexter
One of the most stressful careers a person can chose to have is teaching. (Johnson et al., 2005; Travers, 2001). Teaching demands are high, and the emotional labor of teaching can leave teachers feeling emotionally exhausted, withdrawn, and...

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Screen Time: Impacts on Physical Health, Sleep, and Psychological Health and Well-being, Shereen A. Eldeeb
With the rise of technology there has been an increase in screen technologies that are prevalent in everyday life. Technology and screens are used in employment, education, and leisure settings. The average person in the United States spend...

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A Research-based Social Skills Curriculum for Middle School Students With Special Needs, Lynn Bruvold Ellis
Social skills instruction is an essential part of special education programming. There are many different approaches to social skills instruction, and there are studies that show the benefits to these different approaches. The research pres...

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Autism and Environmental Influences, Jodi Ford
Autism is a neurobiological spectrum disorder manifesting with challenges in socialization, communication, and repetitive behaviors. The Center of Disease Control estimates that 1:54 children have autism. Autism includes extremely gifted in...

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Restorative Practices in Schools – the Benefits and Challenges, Joel John Fredricks
Are restorative practices within schools an effective method for increasing student success? This literature review looks at the evidence available of restorative practices in reducing suspensions and expulsions, improving relationships, de...

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Understanding Gender Differences in Autism Spectrum Disorder to Better Identify Females With ASD, Betsy M. Galles
Males are diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) compared to females at a ratio of 4:1. When isolating for higher intellectual ability, the ratio increases to 10:1. Gender differences exist in restricted, repetitive behaviors and soc...

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Using Peer-Mediation to Provide Inclusion for Students with Moderate to Severe Autism Spectrum Disorders, Shauna Marie Geffre
Students identified with low-functioning Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), in center-based programs, have minimal opportunities for inclusion in the general education setting and are often emotionally and socially excluded from their peers. ...

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Dietary Alternatives in the Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Behavioral Symptoms and School Performance, Samantha R. Goers
Dietary alternatives for the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are less commonly known and discussed, leaving some children untreated and vulnerable to negative consequences. However, numerous studies have examine...

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Individualizing Instruction Using Work Systems and Other Assistive Technology for Students With Significant Developmental Disabilities, Maria LeeAnn Goff
Students with significant developmental disabilities demonstrate different strengths and needs than typically developing students. These students’ skills in the areas of academics, communication, fine and gross motor, daily living skills, a...

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Adapting School-Wide Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports to Meet the Needs of Students with Significant Disabilities, Amy Hazel Hansen
Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports (PBIS) is a multi-tiered system of support for addressing discipline problems in schools through proactive and positive discipline procedures, guided by evidenced-based behavioral interventions a...

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Do We Need More Male Teachers for an Increasing Population of Male Students With Emotional and Behavioral Disorders?, Bjorn Hanson
In the world of education there is a growing population of male students who struggle with emotional/behavioral disorders. There is also a decreasing population of male teachers in schools, and an even lower percentage of teachers who work ...

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Music Education Benefits for Students with Disabilities, Tammy K. Hanson
Music is so many things! Music is enjoyable, fun, happy, calming, and unpredictable. Music is also sad, lonely, busy, unsettling, and disturbing. Students of any age can learn so much from music, such as: learning an instrument; playing i...

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Bias and the Subsequent Implications on ADHD Diagnosis in School Aged Children, Ruth L. Hein
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) often goes undiagnosed in girls and women. This phenomenon is due most prominently to the finding that girls and women tend to present primarily internalized symptoms of ADHD. Greater awarenes...

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The Unique Characteristics of Trauma in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder, Jana Laine Jonasen
Research has shown characteristics of individuals with ASD that have been exposed to trauma are difficult to determine. With more of trauma at an early age and the overshadowing of characteristics between trauma and ASD it will be difficult...

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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and the Correlation of Student Success in School, Amy S. Kummrow
Student success is the goal for educators around the world. Implementing Choice Theory and Restitution can greatly increase a student’s chances of academic success. William Glasser's Choice Theory talks about the five basic needs all humans...

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Effective and Ineffective Interventions for Students With Dyslexia, Jessica M. Lahti
The aim of this thesis is to explore effective and ineffective interventions for students with dyslexia in the areas of teacher knowledge, text readability, computers and technology, and academic interventions. The main findings show that s...

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The Impact of School Start Times on Adolescent Sleep Duration and Academic Performance, Allison Leaf
In terms of sleep, adolescence is a tumultuous time. Biologically, adolescents are more inclined to have a later circadian rhythm and an evening chronotype, causing them to fall asleep later in the night and wake up later in the morning com...

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How Teacher-student Rapport Impacts Student Academics and Achievement, Ashley D. Mellgren
In the last 50 years of education, student behaviors have become an increasingly important topic. Behaviors are an outward expression of how students feel about themselves, their classroom, or their teachers. Teachers have power in how they...

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Facilitating Alternative and Augmentative Communication (AAC), Emily A. Moulton
This literature review explored Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) with students who are not effective verbal communicators. AAC provides a means of communication for individuals who have disorders that impact communication. A...

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The Connection Between Mental Health and the Positive Effects of Social-Emotional Learning, Ryan Michael Nesvold
Students across America are struggling with mental health issues and their ability to maintain adequate performance in school. Teachers pass them in the hall without ever noticing that they might be suffering. They wear a smile on their fac...

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The Effects of Inclusion for Teachers, Special Education, and General Education Students in General Education Classrooms, Rachel O'Neill
With the current special education policies in place in the United States, solutions must be found in order to equitably meet the academic, social and emotional needs for all types of students found in a classroom. One of the most practiced...

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The Effects of Mindfulness on Students Academic Performance and Behaviors, Kasandra J. Parrish
This paper examines the effectiveness of mindfulness on students’ academic performance and their behaviors, both emotionally and physically. This includes students with and without disabilities. Students are facing increased personal and sc...

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Facilitating Friendships Between Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder and their Neuro-Typical Peers Utilizing Peer Mediated Interventions, Spring M. Peden
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), the fastest growing developmental disorder in the United States, currently affects 1 in 54 children. As students with ASD spend more time mainstreamed with their neuro-typical peers, there is an increased nee...

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Independent Living Skills Curriculum- A Literature Review with Application Emphasis, Courtney E. Peterson
This literature review with application thesis examines functional daily living and adaptive behavior skills teaching methods utilizing a community-based instructional approach for students with disabilities. The literature review data and ...

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Underrepresentation of Minority Students in Special Education, Marvin Dale Peterson III
Disproportionality in special education representation has been a commonly used focus of study for many years. The most frequently researched topic is the overrepresentation of black and brown, usually male, students in Emotional, Behaviora...

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Socioeconomic Status and Academic Achievement, Tricia M. Richmond
The number of school-aged children living below the poverty line continues to increase in the United States. This group of children are at a serious disadvantage in school and with their development. Children that grow up in a family with a...

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Classroom Activities That Motivate Teens to Spend Leisure Time Reading, Laura A. Scott
This thesis examines practices which foster an appreciation of reading in teens with disabilities. Research shows that when given choice and opportunity, young people are more inclined to read for pleasure. The purpose of this thesis is to ...

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Comprehensive Literacy Instruction: a Review and Development of Literacy Curriculum Serving Individuals With Signifcant Disabilities Who Use Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Sydne Victorine Springman
This literature review and application investigates instructional approaches used to teach literacy to students with significant disabilities who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). It reviews the current instructional str...

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Research-Based Methods that Decrease and Prevent Childhood Obesity in the School Environment, Erica Anne Stark
Childhood obesity is a growing trend that shows no signs of slowing. Society has turned to the schools to provide programming to help alleviate this growing problem without considering the constraints schools face when implementing interven...

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A Literature Review Supporting Trauma-informed Decision Making in Schools, Cassandra M. Theisen
A growing awareness shows that repeated exposure to childhood trauma is widespread and affects children’s emotional, physical, and cognitive development. The damage can be life-long. It is necessary for school systems to advocate for studen...

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A Review of the Impact of School Disciplinary Practices on Student Outcomes, Stephanie Thun
The literature review sought to determine the impact of traditional discipline and alternative behavioral interventions on student outcomes. The research showed that certain student populations including Blacks, males, students qualifying f...

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A Review of Social Skills Intervention For Students With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Angela M. Walters
According the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a disability that impacts on in 54 children in the United States (CDC, 2020b). Children with ASD exhibit delays in communication, behaviors, and soci...

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Disproportionality In Special Education: The Factors of Overrepresentation, Lack of Inclusion and It's Impact on Student Success, Paige E. Webb
The Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) is the guiding force behind placement for special education students. It provides students with disabilities access to the general education classroom and the ability to learn. The Individuals with Di...

Theses/Dissertations from 2019

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An Abundance of Boys: Addressing the Factors that Cause Gender Disproportionality in Special Education, Andrew James Almendinger
The gender distribution in special education is skewed heavily toward boys, who outnumber girls at an overall rate of 2 to 1. The decision to place a student in special education programming has severe implications, whether it be positive o...

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The Influence of Music on the Autistic Brain, Ananda Arvig
Scientific and qualitative research studies explain how different activities can affect and impact the brain. Researchers look at brain and wave activity to help determine ways music can be used as a therapeutic and beneficial teaching tech...

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The Effects of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder on the Family, Kimberly M. Becker
ADHD affects not only the individual diagnosed with the disorder, but the individual’s family and surrounding community. The focus of this research was to gain an understanding of the way ADHD affects the individual and the various family m...

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Social Skills Interventions for Secondary Students With Asd, Pauli Brandt
Social skills instruction (SSI) is an area of high need for students with Autism-Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The SSI of secondary-aged ASD students is unique given that the law mandates transition (after high school) goals in the Individualize...

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Lack of African American Teachers in Schools and What Can Be Done to Encourage and Retain Those Teachers, Marc Brown
This researcher has been a teacher in special education for almost four years and this is the first year working as a Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD) teacher. However, most of the work has been as an Emotional Behavioral Disability (EB...

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Academic Motivation in Children with ADHD, Beth A. Butala
Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) struggle academically and appear to have lower levels of academic motivation than their peers. This paper reviews the literature and evidence proving that lower academic motivati...

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The Effect of Trauma on Students and How Schools and Teachers Are Changing to Better Support Student Needs, Ella Elaine Carlson
Teachers are seeing more and more students who are going through traumatic life events. These events are affecting their developing brain, school behavior and academic success. These events are having a secondary effect on teachers, creatin...

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Mindfulness in the Classroom, Regam Cerza
In recent years, there appears to be an increase in the number of children in grades kindergarten through 12th grade that struggle with issues such as mental illness, anxiety, emotional and behavioral disorders, etc. As a result, teachers a...

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The Connection Between Teacher-student Relationships for Behavior and Academic Outcomes, Lance William Edminster
The National Center of Educational Statistics (NCES, n.d.) reports the “2016–17 ACGR (adjusted cohort graduation rate) for all students was 84.6 percent.” Emotional/Behavioral Disorder (E/BD) students are the lowest to graduate that has a d...

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The Nascent Nature of Grit in Education, Mary Lynn Fleetwood
Grit first came on the scene that commands the American public’s attention when introduced by leading Grit researcher Angela S. Duckworth. Angela and her team put forth that Grit may be one of if not the key determining factor that resulted...

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Identification and Treatment of Anxiety in Students Receiving Special Education Services: A Review of the Literature, Analee Therese Francisco
Anxiety affects school achievement and is common in nearly every disability category treated by Special Education programs. This review of literature summarizes existing research on the prevalence of anxiety disorders in students in varying...

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Critical Elements of Effective Co-Teaching in the K-12 Classroom, Julie M. Gaffney
Co-teaching is a common and significant practice that pairs a special education teacher with a general education teacher for the purpose of enhancing the education of all students. In addition to giving students with special needs access to...

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Implications and Interventions for Reducing the Use of Restraint and Seclusion on Students Receiving Special Education Services, Samantha Lynn Gruidl
This thesis explores a difficult subject for both parents and special educators: the use of restraint and seclusion in the classroom. While no teacher wants to go hands-on with a student, crisis situations can arise in which a student becom...

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Inclusion in International Schools: Achieving Academic Excellence AND Education for All, Marla Starr Hall
Inclusion of students with diverse learning profiles is a rapidly growing trend, yet no research exists on the implementation of inclusive programming in international schools. As diversity becomes more important in the globalized world and...

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Gut Health and Environmental Impact on Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Christine Joy Noëlle Henne
In recent research, probable connections have been made between gut health and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Microbial imbalances within the gut were discovered in individuals with ASD, leading some researchers to think that this maladapt...

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Understanding of the Place Value Concept for Special Education Students, Haley Lynn Hoskins
Many students demonstrate difficulty with number sense, especially those of which struggle academically under a special education label. As a result, educators have the option to teach conceptual place value using a variety of methods which...

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Virtual Reality Technology-enabled Educational Approaches for Those With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Randolph S. Hull
This literature review examines research studies that evaluated the effectiveness of virtual reality (VR) simulated interventions in people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) including their enjoyment of the process and their ability to tr...

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Decreasing Behavioral Challenges Using Sensory Strategies, Nicole Jean Jaworski
The purpose of this paper is to examine the literature that identifies how the use of sensory integration strategies can positively impact students behavior in the classroom. Students with special needs often demonstrate sensory disruptions...

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Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports and Academic Achievement in Students Receiving Special Education Services, Jennifer L. Keenan
This literature review examines the relationship between PBIS interventions and the effectiveness of implementation on factors that hinder academic success for students receiving special education services. The factors of focus included off...

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Understanding and Evaluating Classroom Ecology, Amanda Kolpin
Minnesota Rule 8719.5000 requires that special education teachers assess how environmental factors impact students during the evaluation process. Despite evidence explaining how environmental factors impact student achievement and behaviors...

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Autism and the Impact on Multicultural Famlies, Mai Kou Lor
This study examined the impact of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) with parents from different cultures all over the world. The literature review focused on ways negative and positive outcomes impacted parents and caregivers raising children ...

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How Nature Impacts the Social, Emotional, and Sensory Needs of Students on the Autism Spectrum, Andrea Marie Mogren
Meeting the sensory needs of students is often currently confined to classroom modifications. Teachers try to meet sensory, social, and emotional needs through human-developed methods such as fidgets, lighting covers, flexible seating, occu...

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Mental Health Intervention within the Education System and the Importance of Developing a Quality Model of Services, Jaclyn Mumaugh
The purpose of this thesis was to determine what schools are currently doing with the rise of mental health issues in youth. As schools continue to enroll more and more children suffering from possible mental health issues, districts must b...

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Addressing Challenging Behaviors of Students with Down syndrome, Laura M. Olstad
This literature review focuses on finding research-supported techniques regarding interventions for children with Down syndrome who display challenging behaviors that interfere with academic and social aspects of their lives. The goal of th...

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The Benefits and Curriculum Strategies of Self Directed Individual Education Plan Development for Post Secondary Special Education Students, Megan A. Palma
Abstract This thesis set out to research current literature on the effects of student-led Individualized Education Plans and the development of students’ self-advocacy skills. It contains information regarding techniques or curriculum and ...

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The Importance of Safety Laws and Regulations That Benefit Both Staff and Students in a Special Education Setting, Christine Marie Quinn
In special education there are a variety of settings in which school staff services a population of students who have a wide variety of ages and ability levels. While working closely with these students, these educators may be put at risk t...

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How Childhood Trauma Directly Affects the Mental Health and Life-long Learning of K-12 Students, Tara Jean Schubring
During the time as a federal setting III EBD teacher in a self-contained elementary-aged program, there have been two critical elements in this field that have provided the passion to tackle this topic of effective classroom management stra...

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Research-based Effective Classroom Management Techniques: A Review of the Literature, Alison A. Stueber
This study examined the impact of Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports-based and evidence-based interventions to improve classroom and behavior management in schools all over the world. Additionally, this study also examined the fac...

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Mindfulness Training and Its Effects on Behavior and Achievement, Amber L. Woeltge
Mindfulness is a concept that has been around for hundreds of years dating back to 3000B.C. However, as of recent it has reached our youth and adolescents in education and elsewhere. Mindfulness–Based Training involving young children and a...

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Impacts of Inclusion on the Academic and Social-emotional Skills of Students With Special Education Needs, Tara L. Wood
This literature review examined studies focusing on how students with disabilities are benefited by receiving services in the general education classroom, or least restrictive environment. It also aims to determine the negative impacts of s...

Theses/Dissertations from 2018

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Parent Teacher Cross-cultural Collaboration in Special Education, Elvera O. Agboka
Classrooms today are so diverse that it cannot go unnoticed. Diversity ranging from academic levels, religion, culture, etc. The focus for this thesis is how to create a collaborative environment with parents of students from different cult...

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Project Based Learning Instructional Design and the Benefits If Brings to Modern Classrooms Specifically in Special Education, Maylynn E. Arntzen
This thesis explores and defines what project based learning instruction is, and focuses on the impact it has on both traditional and special education classroom environments. The research examines the issues that schools face in the 21st C...

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Reducing Stereotypic Behaviors in Children With Autism, Sianna Banham
I’d like to take this time to thank my fiancé, family, peers and friends who supported me throughout this process. I have many people to thank who have pushed me to stay one task and get this thesis done, as I am a huge procrastinator. Thom...

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Barriers to Initial Implemenation and Sustained Positive Behavior Intervention Systems in High Schools, Kathleen L. Barnhart
Schoolwide Positive Behavior Intervention Systems (SWPBIS) has increasingly become a popular method to working with students at all school levels. While more attention has been given to elementary and middle schools than high schools, the r...

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Teaching Social Skills or Play: the Importance of Foundational Skills, Elizabeth Ann Bauman
The purpose of this study is to conduct a thorough examination of the current literature related to the background, benefit and implementation of play in teaching social skills to children with autism spectrum disorders. The ability to demo...

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The Importance of Calming Strategies: Teaching Children With Autism, Jennifer Ann Crnobrna
The purpose of this study is to explore the different types of calming strategies that can be used to help children with autism spectrum disorders. There are many different types of calming strategies reviewed because individuals with autis...

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Anxiety and Depression in College Students and How Colleges Can Help, Sunny L. Crowder
The focus of this research is to better understand causes of anxiety and depression among college students and how colleges can better assist these students. For various reasons, social anxiety is linked to excessive drinking and binge eati...

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Paraprofessional Training Need, Models, and Effectiveness, Philip R. Day
This thesis reviews current literature regarding the training of paraprofessionals working in the field of special education. The questions guiding the review centered on whether a need for paraprofessional training exists, what are the cur...

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Benefits of Animal Assisted Therapy With Children in Special Education, Erica Ann Dolesy Bugenhagen
Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) is used to improve the overall mental, physical, emotional, and social functioning of a patient. The use of animals in therapy practice is becoming more common, yet it is still not entirely integrated in to the...

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The Link Between Professional Burnout and Personality Disposition in Special Education Teachers, Brittany Elaine Enslin
Burnout is physical and emotional exhaustion caused by unmanaged and prolonged stress. The objective of this study was to determine how personality traits affect burnout likelihood among special education teachers. This involved investigati...

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The Inclusion of Students With Significant Disabilities and Their Access to the General Education, Megan E. Freeman
Students with significant disabilities are continually placed in restrictive settings with a focus on functional and life skills becoming more excluded from their peers in the general education setting. This limits their access to the gener...

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The Impact of Movement Integration on Academic Performance, Engagement and Classroom Behavior, Nicholas Stephen Fuerst
The purpose of this paper is to identify how movement affects a student’s academics and behavior within the academic setting. Through research, it was identified that the four main types of movement integration are movement breaks, active l...

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Autism Spectrum Disorder and Family Impact, Angela J. Goodwin
Primary caregivers of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) face various specific challenges no matter the severity of their child’s ASD. Children with autism experience difficulty with social interaction and communication and exper...