Follow


Theses/Dissertations from 2022

PDF

Teachers' Union's Collective Bargaining Agreements and Their Impact on School Functions, Chad Jonas Borseth
Teachers' unions have a vital role in public education. The collective bargaining agreements negotiated between them and school districts are viewed by many as the de facto rule book for how a school is organized and how it shall operate. D...

PDF

Factors Affecting the Academic Self-Concept of K-12 Students with Reading Disabilities, Jamie L. Kaihoi
The way students perceive themselves as learners is referred to as their academic self-concept (ASC). ASC is made up of the thoughts and feelings a student has about their experience in the classroom with learning tasks and research has sho...

PDF

The Impact of Trauma on Learning and Behaviors in the Classroom and how a Trauma-Informed Classroom Helps, Susanne W. Karris
As trauma is becoming more prevalent among our students, it is essential that districts, schools, and staff understand its impacts in the classroom. The American Psychological Association (2021) estimates that more than ⅔ of children experi...

PDF

Self-Advocacy and Postsecondary Program Achievement in Students With High-Incidence Disabilities, Alyssa Nelson
This literature review examines studies that investigated and evaluated the relationship between self-advocacy and college program completion in postsecondary students with disabilities. Research was reviewed that used school-aged participa...

PDF

How Can Educators Better Inform Parents about the Special Education Process So That They are Empowered to Increase Their Role as Active Participants in Their Students’ Education?, Beth Ann Thibodeau
The benefits of family involvement in students’ education range from academic and behavioral growth to better attendance and social skills. Parent involvement in the educational process for students with disabilities is a legal right, yet b...

Theses/Dissertations from 2021

PDF

The Effects Poverty Has on Students in Special education, Morgan Marie Auge
Poverty is an issue around the world that affects children and their academic achievement. In the United States 21% of children are raised in poverty. Children from poverty have a higher risk of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders i...

PDF

Benefits of Physical Activity for Students With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Trey Lewis Benhart
Adolescents with autism live a more sedentary lifestyle than those without an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis. Lack of exercise results in increased health risks, obesity, and decreased quality of life, exercise, motor skills, and peer i...

PDF

Opportunities for and Benefits of Career and Technical Education for High School Students With Disabilities, Dan K. Burton
Students with disabilities struggle more than students without disabilities to graduate high school as well as finding a good paying job after high school. With the implementation of the IDEA act of 1975, there have been many different theo...

PDF

Developing Collective Teacher Efficacy to Help Secondary Teachers Feel Confident in Their Positions, Katherine E. Cabieses
This study evaluates the resources available to develop the efficacy and the collective teacher efficacy of Secondary School Teachers in handling students’ misbehavior, resulting in effective teachers satisfied with their teaching positions...

PDF

Avoiding the Services Cliff: An Extensive Look at Effective Strategies to Prepare Students With Autism Spectrum Disorders (asd) for Life and Work, Danielle Marie Carter
A fundamental objective of the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA) is to safeguard that all students with disabilities have available to them a Free and Appropriate Education (FAPE) that affirms special education and related services d...

PDF

The Effect of Classroom Physical Activity Breaks on Students' Academic Performance and Executive Functioning Skills, Barb J. Diemer
Classroom-based Physical Activity (PA) has gained attention among teachers and schools due to the potential to enhance learning while also providing the opportunity for children to increase their physical activity level. Children are not me...

PDF

Impacts of Social and Emotional Learning Interventions in Special Education Students, Cassandra R. Drusch
Social and emotional learning is educational programming that can help the student learn to recognize emotions, set goals, perspectively think, maintain positive relationships, make decisions and learn conflict resolution (McCormick, 2019)....

PDF

Students in Special Education and Extracurricular Activities, Marissa A. Eastling
Research regarding the effects of extracurricular activities on youth is abundant and clear: extracurricular activities benefit students. Some even suggest the benefits go far beyond the high school experience and can have a profound and po...

PDF

Impacts and Strategies in Positive Student-teacher Relationships, Cassandra C. Eckart
Researchers, educational professionals, and classroom teachers consistently seek out ways to engage students in the classroom. For some students, engagement comes naturally. They connect easily with people and are by nature, curious and act...

PDF

Effects of social media on adolescents, Jeffrey Scott Erickson
Social media has a strong influence on adolescents. The effects of social media use can be both positive and negative for adolescents. Social media makes adolescents feel more connected to their friends, family, and interests. On the other ...

PDF

Special Education Teachers and Burnout: the Factors That Contribute to it and Effective Strategies That Combat it, Sydni M. Fancher
This thesis will explore the reasons behind teacher burnout in special education. The field of special education has increased dramatically throughout the years. As more research is being done to determine the various disabilities out there...

PDF

Restorative Justice in Schools - The Impact and Implementation, Chad Edward Felty
Are restorative practices producing fewer negative outcomes for students and improving relationships within schools? The following literature review and application looked at the effectiveness of restorative practices in schools. The eviden...

PDF

Self-Determination Skills in Special Education Students: A Review of the Literature, Jessica L. Ferraro
Self-determination is an important skill for all students, but a necessity that students identified as having a disability and receiving special education skills develop throughout their lifespan and prior to leaving the comforts of high sc...

PDF

Impact of Relative Age on Need for Special Education Services, Leonie Giles
This thesis consists of a literature review of research on a potential correlation between a student's birthdate, age upon entry into kindergarten, and the potential need for special education services while in elementary school. Results we...

PDF

Implementing The Autonomy-Supportive Teaching Model with Elementary Students, Rebecca I. Hons
Task avoidance and keeping students motivated in the classroom are common struggles that elementary school teachers face in their career. This literature review explores task aversiveness in elementary students and how they are motivated to...

PDF

The Educational Impact That Social Media Has on School Age Children's Mental Health and Educational Experiences, Kasondra Janc
Studies have shown that school involvement and the policies that they have created can impact adolescents’ mental health. Social media is one of the most widely used online platforms and a reason why school-aged children want cell-phones, t...

PDF

Promoting Post School Success for Students in Special Education, Jenna Juliann Joswiak
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) was created to meet the needs of students with disabilities and prepare them for life after school, including employment, further education, and independent living. Even after transitio...

PDF

Response to Intervention in Child Find, Eucabeth Kimaiga
This thesis highlights RTI and child-find under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA) federal law, revised in the special edition of 2011. In 2011, the child find mandate was the focus of the IDEA regarding the ...

PDF

The Correlation Between Communication and Behavior, Stephanie AM Klein
A communication disorder impacts the ability to express or understand language. The American Speech Language Hearing Association estimates that 5-10% of people in the United States have a speech or language disorder. A communication disorde...

PDF

Performing Along the Spectrum: a Study in the Application of Theatrical Approaches to Develop and Enhance Social Skills for Students With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Kimberly Lynn Lambert
Individuals on the autism spectrum are faced with many unique challenges in navigating their respective worlds. One of the areas in which individuals across every sector of this spectrum may feel a significant impact is in the area of socia...

PDF

Sensory Processing Disorder: An Introduction For Classroom Teachers, Kathryn Nicole Lavin
Elementary students may be impacted by Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD) resulting in poor performance, anxiety, or behavioral challenges. This literature review defines sensory processing disorder and provides information about ways teache...

PDF

Understanding the Needs of Children in Poverty to Improve Academic Achievement: A Literature Review, Christy Michele Lothrop
Poverty affects one in five children in the U.S., where 50% of public schools identify as mid-high or high-poverty schools. Decades of research confirms a significant and constant economic academic achievement gap. This literature review so...

PDF

The Impact of Visual Schedules for Students With Disabilities: A Literature Review, Kristine L. McDonald
The purpose of this empirical research literature with application emphasis was conducted so I could better understand the effects of visual schedules and video modeling. Visual schedules and video modeling showed an increase of independenc...

PDF

The Impact of Mindfulness Practice on Adolescents With Special Needs and Mental Health Diagnosis, Rebecca Jean McQuiston
Students with mental health diagnosis, trauma or special education labels such as emotional behavioral disorder or learning disabilities often show signs of distress, and/or dysregulation in the classroom. They are referred to providers and...

PDF

Girls With Autism: Comparative Differences in Gender, Diagnosis, and Social Camouflaging a Master’s Thesis, Sarah Lynn Nevin
Autism diagnostic differences exist based on gender with a current diagnostic ratio of males to females at 4:1. Beyond diagnosis, complex differences persist between genders. Research indicates that females with autism display social, commu...

PDF

Student Anxiety and Practical Strategies for the School Setting: A Literature Review, Cassie M. Ott
Since 2010, anxiety levels have risen worldwide. Children and adolescents are particularly susceptible to anxiety as they experience varied life challenges. Considering anxiety disorders most common in youth (generalized anxiety disorder (G...

PDF

Promoting Self-Management Skills Among Students with Disabilities Within the General Education Classroom, Elisabeth A. Pagel
The purpose of this action research project was to determine how educators can promote self-management skills among students with disabilities in the general education classroom. Previous studies were used to summarize the current state of ...

PDF

Reading Interventions for Learners in Correctional Institutions, Lindsey Rose Proell
The correctional education classroom is typically a setting with a lot of challenges not usually seen in typical K-12 schools. The need for literacy education in the correctional setting is at an all-time high. Students are coming into corr...

PDF

Students With Special Needs and Their Ability to Self-monitor Goals, Erin L. Schmitz
Self-monitoring behavior is one way students can be involved in their learning. Research shows that desired behaviors increase, and academic performance improves, when students monitor their behavior during class. This action research proje...

PDF

The Benefits of Response to Intervention (RTI) Versus the Signigicant Disrepancy Model in Identifying Students Through Child Find With Specific Learning Disabilities, Stephanie C. Shun
Special Education practices continue to evolve and improve over time. Disability law and legislation work to support improved practices with amendments to Individuals Disability Education Improvement Act, IDEA and higher court rulings that ...

PDF

How to Best Help Secondary Students Who Struggle With Foundational Reading Skills and Motivation, Hannah Maria Sislo
The focus of this literature review is to explore what secondary teachers can do to better support their students who struggle with reading by examining what works in elementary educational settings and with students who are English learner...

PDF

How to Best Prepare Students With Autism for Post-secondary Schooling or Employment, Paul G. Stariha
Students with autism are leaving high school not prepared sufficiently to enter post-secondary education or employment. What are the best educational practices to change this? To answer this question, this thesis writer reviewed several art...

PDF

Secondary Student Adult Transitions: Challenges, Barriers, and Interventions for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder, Emily Carol Sutterer
While relatively little is known about the experience of adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), disparity among approaches to transition planning indicates inadequate best practice. By evaluating the current state of empirical research...

PDF

Effective Teacher Evaluation Systems to Increase the Professional Growth of Teachers, Teri L. Townsend
This paper is a review of literature related to teacher evaluation systems and frameworks used to improve the instructional practices and other critical skills of educators in the United States. These evaluation systems aim to professionall...

PDF

The Effects of Inclusive Classrooms on Students With Disabilities and Effective Inclusive Classroom Strategies, Erin Rose Welter
The purpose of this literature review was to research the effectiveness of inclusive classroom strategies pertaining to academic achievement and social/behavioral achievement in students with disabilities along with which inclusive classroo...

PDF

The Benefits of Training All School Staff When Working With Students Who Have Experienced Trauma, Kari F. Wines
The number of students that have been affected by trauma is increasing. Trauma impacts students’ developing brains, including concentration, memory, behavior, self-regulating ability, perception and cognitive deficits, and impaired academic...

PDF

The Impact of Socioeconomic Status and Poverty on African American Students With Special Needs, Royce T. Winford
Exploring the impact of socioeconomic status and poverty on African American students with special needs has shown that poverty is a global issue that has an impact on children's academic ability. In the United States, about one-quarter of ...

PDF

Using Arts to Improve Academic Outcomes for Students With Disabilities, Melissa Jean Briggs Wood
Theatre is often used as a tool in the classroom to target specific skills in language arts classes. More and more, it is being woven into curriculums outside of the language arts classroom to explore multi-disciplinary teaching. Theatre ar...

Theses/Dissertations from 2020

PDF

Only you can prevent burnout?: Factors influencing job satisfaction among special education teachers, Alicia Michelle Alexander
Special education teacher (SET) burnout is a complex problem impacting teacher health, student outcomes, and job satisfaction. This review examined burnout literature with special education teachers as participants in US studies between 197...

PDF

Adding Movement to Enhance Learning in Special Education, Jennifer S. Ammermann
Academic achievements, standardized tests, and school accountability have resulted in children spending more time with seatwork and less time in recess and physical education. Recent brain research shows that cognitive skills develop with m...

PDF

Perspectives on the Quality of the Student-Teacher Relationship between Students with a Disability and Typically Developing Students and Developmental Outcomes, Hannah Rae Bast
Little research has compared the student-teacher relationship between students with a disability and students with typical development. More specifically, the quality of the relationship between the student and the teacher. Measuring the am...

PDF

Identifying the Best Practices for the Twice Exceptional Learner, Edison Boelter
The objective of this thesis is to find the best research-based practices available for the twice exceptional learner. Twice exceptional learners are a growing percentage of the population in the academic community, and yet educators are gr...

PDF

How Does Work-Based Learning Help Prepare Students For Life After High School, Frank A. Cacich
Work based learning is part of career and technical education that can help students to be better prepared for life after highschool. There are many different types of programs that make up a work based learning programming. These programs ...

PDF

Effective Social Emotional Lessons and Strategies for Center Based Students With Emotional and Behavioral Disabilities, Kevin M. Collings
Social Emotional Learning (SEL) has become a popular phrase in all aspects of the educational world of the last couple decades. Research shows the clear need for teaching students the skills they need to function socially and emotionally. T...

PDF

Teacher Burnout: Measuring, Contributing Factors, and Prevention, Lisa A. Dexter
One of the most stressful careers a person can chose to have is teaching. (Johnson et al., 2005; Travers, 2001). Teaching demands are high, and the emotional labor of teaching can leave teachers feeling emotionally exhausted, withdrawn, and...

PDF

Screen Time: Impacts on Physical Health, Sleep, and Psychological Health and Well-being, Shereen A. Eldeeb
With the rise of technology there has been an increase in screen technologies that are prevalent in everyday life. Technology and screens are used in employment, education, and leisure settings. The average person in the United States spend...

PDF

A Research-based Social Skills Curriculum for Middle School Students With Special Needs, Lynn Bruvold Ellis
Social skills instruction is an essential part of special education programming. There are many different approaches to social skills instruction, and there are studies that show the benefits to these different approaches. The research pres...

PDF

Autism and Environmental Influences, Jodi Ford
Autism is a neurobiological spectrum disorder manifesting with challenges in socialization, communication, and repetitive behaviors. The Center of Disease Control estimates that 1:54 children have autism. Autism includes extremely gifted in...

PDF

Restorative Practices in Schools – the Benefits and Challenges, Joel John Fredricks
Are restorative practices within schools an effective method for increasing student success? This literature review looks at the evidence available of restorative practices in reducing suspensions and expulsions, improving relationships, de...

PDF

Understanding Gender Differences in Autism Spectrum Disorder to Better Identify Females With ASD, Betsy M. Galles
Males are diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) compared to females at a ratio of 4:1. When isolating for higher intellectual ability, the ratio increases to 10:1. Gender differences exist in restricted, repetitive behaviors and soc...

PDF

Using Peer-Mediation to Provide Inclusion for Students with Moderate to Severe Autism Spectrum Disorders, Shauna Marie Geffre
Students identified with low-functioning Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), in center-based programs, have minimal opportunities for inclusion in the general education setting and are often emotionally and socially excluded from their peers. ...

PDF

Dietary Alternatives in the Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: Behavioral Symptoms and School Performance, Samantha R. Goers
Dietary alternatives for the treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are less commonly known and discussed, leaving some children untreated and vulnerable to negative consequences. However, numerous studies have examine...

PDF

Adapting School-Wide Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports to Meet the Needs of Students with Significant Disabilities, Amy Hazel Hansen
Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports (PBIS) is a multi-tiered system of support for addressing discipline problems in schools through proactive and positive discipline procedures, guided by evidenced-based behavioral interventions a...

PDF

Do We Need More Male Teachers for an Increasing Population of Male Students With Emotional and Behavioral Disorders?, Bjorn Hanson
In the world of education there is a growing population of male students who struggle with emotional/behavioral disorders. There is also a decreasing population of male teachers in schools, and an even lower percentage of teachers who work ...

PDF

Music Education Benefits for Students with Disabilities, Tammy K. Hanson
Music is so many things! Music is enjoyable, fun, happy, calming, and unpredictable. Music is also sad, lonely, busy, unsettling, and disturbing. Students of any age can learn so much from music, such as: learning an instrument; playing i...

PDF

Bias and the Subsequent Implications on ADHD Diagnosis in School Aged Children, Ruth L. Hein
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) often goes undiagnosed in girls and women. This phenomenon is due most prominently to the finding that girls and women tend to present primarily internalized symptoms of ADHD. Greater awarenes...

PDF

The Unique Characteristics of Trauma in Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder, Jana Laine Jonasen
Research has shown characteristics of individuals with ASD that have been exposed to trauma are difficult to determine. With more of trauma at an early age and the overshadowing of characteristics between trauma and ASD it will be difficult...

PDF

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and the Correlation of Student Success in School, Amy S. Kummrow
Student success is the goal for educators around the world. Implementing Choice Theory and Restitution can greatly increase a student’s chances of academic success. William Glasser's Choice Theory talks about the five basic needs all humans...

PDF

Effective and Ineffective Interventions for Students With Dyslexia, Jessica M. Lahti
The aim of this thesis is to explore effective and ineffective interventions for students with dyslexia in the areas of teacher knowledge, text readability, computers and technology, and academic interventions. The main findings show that s...

PDF

The Impact of School Start Times on Adolescent Sleep Duration and Academic Performance, Allison Leaf
In terms of sleep, adolescence is a tumultuous time. Biologically, adolescents are more inclined to have a later circadian rhythm and an evening chronotype, causing them to fall asleep later in the night and wake up later in the morning com...

PDF

How Teacher-student Rapport Impacts Student Academics and Achievement, Ashley D. Mellgren
In the last 50 years of education, student behaviors have become an increasingly important topic. Behaviors are an outward expression of how students feel about themselves, their classroom, or their teachers. Teachers have power in how they...

PDF

Facilitating Alternative and Augmentative Communication (AAC), Emily A. Moulton
This literature review explored Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) with students who are not effective verbal communicators. AAC provides a means of communication for individuals who have disorders that impact communication. A...

PDF

The Connection Between Mental Health and the Positive Effects of Social-Emotional Learning, Ryan Michael Nesvold
Students across America are struggling with mental health issues and their ability to maintain adequate performance in school. Teachers pass them in the hall without ever noticing that they might be suffering. They wear a smile on their fac...

PDF

The Effects of Inclusion for Teachers, Special Education, and General Education Students in General Education Classrooms, Rachel O'Neill
With the current special education policies in place in the United States, solutions must be found in order to equitably meet the academic, social and emotional needs for all types of students found in a classroom. One of the most practiced...

PDF

The Effects of Mindfulness on Students Academic Performance and Behaviors, Kasandra J. Parrish
This paper examines the effectiveness of mindfulness on students’ academic performance and their behaviors, both emotionally and physically. This includes students with and without disabilities. Students are facing increased personal and sc...

PDF

Facilitating Friendships Between Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder and their Neuro-Typical Peers Utilizing Peer Mediated Interventions, Spring M. Peden
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), the fastest growing developmental disorder in the United States, currently affects 1 in 54 children. As students with ASD spend more time mainstreamed with their neuro-typical peers, there is an increased nee...

PDF

Independent Living Skills Curriculum- A Literature Review with Application Emphasis, Courtney E. Peterson
This literature review with application thesis examines functional daily living and adaptive behavior skills teaching methods utilizing a community-based instructional approach for students with disabilities. The literature review data and ...

PDF

Underrepresentation of Minority Students in Special Education, Marvin Dale Peterson III
Disproportionality in special education representation has been a commonly used focus of study for many years. The most frequently researched topic is the overrepresentation of black and brown, usually male, students in Emotional, Behaviora...

PDF

Socioeconomic Status and Academic Achievement, Tricia M. Richmond
The number of school-aged children living below the poverty line continues to increase in the United States. This group of children are at a serious disadvantage in school and with their development. Children that grow up in a family with a...

PDF

Classroom Activities That Motivate Teens to Spend Leisure Time Reading, Laura A. Scott
This thesis examines practices which foster an appreciation of reading in teens with disabilities. Research shows that when given choice and opportunity, young people are more inclined to read for pleasure. The purpose of this thesis is to ...

PDF

Comprehensive Literacy Instruction: a Review and Development of Literacy Curriculum Serving Individuals With Signifcant Disabilities Who Use Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Sydne Victorine Springman
This literature review and application investigates instructional approaches used to teach literacy to students with significant disabilities who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). It reviews the current instructional str...

PDF

Research-Based Methods that Decrease and Prevent Childhood Obesity in the School Environment, Erica Anne Stark
Childhood obesity is a growing trend that shows no signs of slowing. Society has turned to the schools to provide programming to help alleviate this growing problem without considering the constraints schools face when implementing interven...

PDF

A Literature Review Supporting Trauma-informed Decision Making in Schools, Cassandra M. Theisen
A growing awareness shows that repeated exposure to childhood trauma is widespread and affects children’s emotional, physical, and cognitive development. The damage can be life-long. It is necessary for school systems to advocate for studen...

PDF

A Review of the Impact of School Disciplinary Practices on Student Outcomes, Stephanie Thun
The literature review sought to determine the impact of traditional discipline and alternative behavioral interventions on student outcomes. The research showed that certain student populations including Blacks, males, students qualifying f...

PDF

A Review of Social Skills Intervention For Students With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Angela M. Walters
According the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a disability that impacts on in 54 children in the United States (CDC, 2020b). Children with ASD exhibit delays in communication, behaviors, and soci...

PDF

Disproportionality In Special Education: The Factors of Overrepresentation, Lack of Inclusion and It's Impact on Student Success, Paige E. Webb
The Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) is the guiding force behind placement for special education students. It provides students with disabilities access to the general education classroom and the ability to learn. The Individuals with Di...

Theses/Dissertations from 2019

PDF

An Abundance of Boys: Addressing the Factors that Cause Gender Disproportionality in Special Education, Andrew James Almendinger
The gender distribution in special education is skewed heavily toward boys, who outnumber girls at an overall rate of 2 to 1. The decision to place a student in special education programming has severe implications, whether it be positive o...

PDF

The Influence of Music on the Autistic Brain, Ananda Arvig
Scientific and qualitative research studies explain how different activities can affect and impact the brain. Researchers look at brain and wave activity to help determine ways music can be used as a therapeutic and beneficial teaching tech...

PDF

The Effects of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder on the Family, Kimberly M. Becker
ADHD affects not only the individual diagnosed with the disorder, but the individual’s family and surrounding community. The focus of this research was to gain an understanding of the way ADHD affects the individual and the various family m...

PDF

Social Skills Interventions for Secondary Students With Asd, Pauli Brandt
Social skills instruction (SSI) is an area of high need for students with Autism-Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The SSI of secondary-aged ASD students is unique given that the law mandates transition (after high school) goals in the Individualize...

PDF

Lack of African American Teachers in Schools and What Can Be Done to Encourage and Retain Those Teachers, Marc Brown
This researcher has been a teacher in special education for almost four years and this is the first year working as a Specific Learning Disabilities (SLD) teacher. However, most of the work has been as an Emotional Behavioral Disability (EB...

PDF

Academic Motivation in Children with ADHD, Beth A. Butala
Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) struggle academically and appear to have lower levels of academic motivation than their peers. This paper reviews the literature and evidence proving that lower academic motivati...

PDF

The Effect of Trauma on Students and How Schools and Teachers Are Changing to Better Support Student Needs, Ella Elaine Carlson
Teachers are seeing more and more students who are going through traumatic life events. These events are affecting their developing brain, school behavior and academic success. These events are having a secondary effect on teachers, creatin...

PDF

Mindfulness in the Classroom, Regam Cerza
In recent years, there appears to be an increase in the number of children in grades kindergarten through 12th grade that struggle with issues such as mental illness, anxiety, emotional and behavioral disorders, etc. As a result, teachers a...

PDF

The Connection Between Teacher-student Relationships for Behavior and Academic Outcomes, Lance William Edminster
The National Center of Educational Statistics (NCES, n.d.) reports the “2016–17 ACGR (adjusted cohort graduation rate) for all students was 84.6 percent.” Emotional/Behavioral Disorder (E/BD) students are the lowest to graduate that has a d...

PDF

The Nascent Nature of Grit in Education, Mary Lynn Fleetwood
Grit first came on the scene that commands the American public’s attention when introduced by leading Grit researcher Angela S. Duckworth. Angela and her team put forth that Grit may be one of if not the key determining factor that resulted...

PDF

Identification and Treatment of Anxiety in Students Receiving Special Education Services: A Review of the Literature, Analee Therese Francisco
Anxiety affects school achievement and is common in nearly every disability category treated by Special Education programs. This review of literature summarizes existing research on the prevalence of anxiety disorders in students in varying...

PDF

Critical Elements of Effective Co-Teaching in the K-12 Classroom, Julie M. Gaffney
Co-teaching is a common and significant practice that pairs a special education teacher with a general education teacher for the purpose of enhancing the education of all students. In addition to giving students with special needs access to...

PDF

Implications and Interventions for Reducing the Use of Restraint and Seclusion on Students Receiving Special Education Services, Samantha Lynn Gruidl
This thesis explores a difficult subject for both parents and special educators: the use of restraint and seclusion in the classroom. While no teacher wants to go hands-on with a student, crisis situations can arise in which a student becom...

PDF

Gut Health and Environmental Impact on Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Christine Joy Noëlle Henne
In recent research, probable connections have been made between gut health and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Microbial imbalances within the gut were discovered in individuals with ASD, leading some researchers to think that this maladapt...

PDF

Understanding of the Place Value Concept for Special Education Students, Haley Lynn Hoskins
Many students demonstrate difficulty with number sense, especially those of which struggle academically under a special education label. As a result, educators have the option to teach conceptual place value using a variety of methods which...

PDF

Virtual Reality Technology-enabled Educational Approaches for Those With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Randolph S. Hull
This literature review examines research studies that evaluated the effectiveness of virtual reality (VR) simulated interventions in people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) including their enjoyment of the process and their ability to tr...

PDF

Decreasing Behavioral Challenges Using Sensory Strategies, Nicole Jean Jaworski
The purpose of this paper is to examine the literature that identifies how the use of sensory integration strategies can positively impact students behavior in the classroom. Students with special needs often demonstrate sensory disruptions...

PDF

Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports and Academic Achievement in Students Receiving Special Education Services, Jennifer L. Keenan
This literature review examines the relationship between PBIS interventions and the effectiveness of implementation on factors that hinder academic success for students receiving special education services. The factors of focus included off...

PDF

Understanding and Evaluating Classroom Ecology, Amanda Kolpin
Minnesota Rule 8719.5000 requires that special education teachers assess how environmental factors impact students during the evaluation process. Despite evidence explaining how environmental factors impact student achievement and behaviors...