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Theses/Dissertations from 2023

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How inquiry based learning supports creative problem solving skills in elementary art education, Matthew Robert Carlson
Inquiry-based teaching is a fundamental method in the innovations that leads to creative problem solving. In this thesis, the research supports how asking facilitated inquiry-based questions can prompt curiosity and discussion for K-5 grade...

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Implementing Trauma-informed Approaches to Improve Outcomes for Students in High-poverty Schools, Kimberly N Davis
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) increase the likelihood of negative outcomes throughout life. ACEs are traumatic events that occur between ages 0-17 and can induce a toxic stress response negatively impacting brain development, body fu...

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Exploration of Student Success in Online Learning Environments, Hannah M DeFranco
Online learning is an increasingly utilized format of education in K-12 environments, yet research has not historically focused on this age group when examining best practices. Learning styles, self-regulation, and self-efficacy are conside...

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Supporting K-12 Students With Anxiety: The Teacher's Role, Interventions and Methods to Reduce Anxiety, John Jordan Douglas
This thesis is a literature review of evidence-based practices that support K-12 students with anxiety. Three areas addressing evidence-based practices for students with anxiety include the role of the teacher, interventions, and methods to...

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Advancing Student Achievement With Technology, Alec J Herbst
This thesis identifies how teachers can manage the safe and responsible use of electronic technology resources in the classroom while influencing students to practice the same behaviors outside of school. A review of the literature using Se...

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Effects and Management of Smartphone Usage in the Classroom, Hannah L Leidall
The purpose of this literature review is to analyze the effects of smartphone usage in the classroom and how to mitigate the negative ramifications. The research shows that excessive smartphone usage comes at a detriment to other areas of a...

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Promoting Resilience Through Reading in Secondary School, Drewe V Peterson
This thesis reviews 33 articles to examine a possible correlation between resilience and reading and how reading might be used to promote resilience in the secondary-school setting. Resilience is in need, especially post —COVID-19. Globally...

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Impacts of Standards-based Grading and Alternate Grading Strategies on Student Success, Brian Remington
Standards-based grading has changed how schools have graded its students for the past few years. Under standards-based grading students receive several grades for each benchmark skill that the student displays their knowledge of. This is a ...

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Impacts of Standards-based Grading and Alternate Grading Strategies on Student Success, Brian Remington
Standards-based grading has changed how schools have graded its students for the past few years. Under standards-based grading students receive several grades for each benchmark skill that the student displays their knowledge of. This is a ...

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Parental Involvement and Middle-school Student Education, John Michael Schetinski
Parental involvement in education has long been recognized as a significant factor in shaping the academic success and overall development of middle school students. This thesis seeks to provide an analysis of the impact of parental involve...

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The Racial Discipline Gap in Education: A Master's Thesis, Emily Mychal Stripe
Racial inequities persist throughout the United States’ educational system despite the increased attention on reducing exclusionary discipline. These inequities, conceptualized as educational and disciplinary gaps between Black and White st...

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The Effects of Incorporating Educational Robotics in Mathematics Instruction, Andrew Robert Swenson
This literature review explores the effects of incorporating educational robotics into mathematics instruction on students' problem-solving abilities, motivation, mathematical performance, computational thinking, and communication and colla...

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Evidence-based Writing Strategies to Build Proficient and Lifelong Writers, Amanda Sue Vaughn-Traaseth
Writing is an essential skill that teaches many ways for students to explain, inform, persuade, defend, and express themselves in a way that communicates a clear and concise message that will be used abundantly throughout their educational,...

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Gamified Learning in Math Education, Nathan Michael Voigt
Educators are always looking for ways to improve engagement in the classroom. Traditional approaches to math education are being phased out, amid declining student achievement in mathematics, and replaced with innovations like gamified lear...

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Impacts of Project-based Learning on Secondary Education, Benjamin Michael Witt
This literature review examined the impacts that Project-based learning (PBL) can have on secondary education. The research parameters for this study were such that the studies included in the thesis were from research that was published be...

Theses/Dissertations from 2022

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Increasing Multilingual Parent Engagement: A Literature Review, Erin Elizabeth Boettcher
This literature review investigated the question: How can educators increase parental involvement for multilingual learners? The thesis identified barriers to involvement for parents of multilingual learners. It also discussed the importanc...

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Language Learning: Access and Equity, Ashley N. Bonsen
As humans evolve, so do their languages, cultures, and practices. In a world that is becoming increasingly connected and multilingual, access to language learning has never been more important. What remains open to question are modern perce...

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The Effect of Dual Language Immersion Programs on English Learner Language Acquisition and Assessment Scores, Beth Joy Christophersen
This literature review was designed to answer the question: What is the effect of dual language immersion (DLI) programs on English learner (EL) language acquisition and academic success? The studies selected for this review focus on the ac...

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How 9-12 Grade Students Find Success in Elective Courses in the United States, Laura Doberstein
Learning is social, emotional, and academic. Piecing together these elements in conjunction with applying scientific research based on these areas will help to ensure a basis for which students may be successful in the classes they choose t...

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Developing Scientific Literacy to Promote 21st-Century Skills in Students, Colleen R. Hanson
Scientific literacy and 21st-century skills are two skill sets that can equip students to handle the demands of the modern world. Scientific literacy is knowing the science content, understanding the methods and procedures scientists use, a...

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The Importance of Teaching Middle School Social Studies in the United States, Ian Phillip Higgins
In the state of Minnesota, the standardized testing, known as the Minnesota Comprehensive Assessment (MCA) test, does not have a requirement for social studies. Math, reading and sciences are all tested, but social studies is left to the wa...

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The Engagement of Students in Online Learning, Nathan Jacobson
Online education should include the engagement of students in as many ways as possible. Social, emotional, behavioral, and cognitive engagements are the primary types of engagement that can be applied. This research was conducted firstly, t...

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How Secondary Art Teachers Can Develop 21st Century Skills of Creativity Through the Creative Process, Jason Kyle Kehrer
This literature review explores how secondary art teachers can develop 21st century skills of creativity through the creative process. Creativity is not easy to define. Many researchers and individuals define it differently or see creativit...

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Differentiated Instruction: A Unit Planning Guide to Support Implementation, William H. Kornbaum
Classrooms today are filled with diversity in a plethora of spectrums. Students differ in ability, interests, learning styles, cultural backgrounds, and many other ways. In addition, teachers have been tasked with meeting the needs of all s...

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The Impact of Technology Integration on Secondary Student Learning, Emma Lee Martin
In a world that is ever advancing in technology, we too must grow along with it. Technology has, especially in recent years, been integrated into education. It is a tool that provides a means to student learning. For many, the integration o...

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Effective Feedback in the Secondary Writing Classroom, Lisa R. Murphy
Feedback in an educational context is an amazing tool to guide learners towards a goal. This literature review examines the beginning of feedback research, beginning with Thorndike’s Law of Effect in 1898 and moving into what researchers ar...

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Effects of Inquiry-Based Learning on Science Students, Aaron N. Rau
Inquiry-based learning is growing in popularity with educators seeking student-centric teaching methods. As with any method of instruction, evaluating the efficacy of the practice is essential. Through an extensive literature review, the da...

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The Characteristics of Successful Charter Schools, Justin E. Robb
This literature review examines what characteristics make successful charter schools. Charter schools have been expanding throughout the United States for the last 20 years and this paper looks at the different factors that contribute to su...

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Student-Centered Learning in the Social Studies Classroom: Effective Strategies that Build Critical Thinking, Brandon Searles
Critical thinking is a crucial skill which today’s K-12 students must develop in order to be engaged and curious global citizens. The social studies classroom is a proxy for democratic participation and therefore an exemplary setting to spa...

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Growth Mindset Pedagogy in the Classroom, Laura Paige Shaw
The purpose of this literature review is to investigate utilization of growth mindset pedagogy in the classroom and to determine how its use impacts student achievement. In order to determine these capabilities, a short historic timeline an...

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Impacts of Social and Emotional Learning Intervention on Students with Disabilities, Ryan P. Stockhaus
ABSTRACT Schools today see a high number of students who are at-risk and have special needs, and the number is at a steady increase. This creates a unique challenge for regular education teachers, special education teachers, support staff, ...

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How Hmong Students Perceive Academic Success, Pheng Vang
The Hmong people have been a part of the United States of America since the 1960s. Three generations of Hmong people have learned to assimilate while balancing their customs and traditions. Older generation Hmong parents want their children...

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The Impacts of 1:1 Technology Implementation on Academic Success and Student Engagement, Leah Aina Ward
Technology use in the classroom has been a debated, but popular trend in education, specifically on whether classrooms should have a 1:1 technology approach. Technology in some form is typically used everyday in a classroom setting, but ove...

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The Benefits of Ceramic Art with Secondary Learners, Tatum Whiteford
This thesis analyzes the research of artists, educators, scholars, and historians alike to present the value of the ceramic arts in public secondary art education programs in the United States of America. The process of defining ceramics in...

Theses/Dissertations from 2021

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Bullying Interventions in K-12 Schools: an Extensive Look at the Essential Components of an Effective Bullying Intervention Program, Jacob T. Archbold
This thesis addresses the essential researched-based components of effective bullying intervention programs in K-12 schools. It provides an overview of bullying which includes; a definition, types of bullying, bullying motivation, and the e...

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The Effect of Project-based Learning on Student Motivation and 21st Century Skills, Abigal J. Ash
Keeping students engaged and motivated is a universal challenge faced by teachers of all grades and ability levels. This thesis focuses on the impact that Project-Based Learning (PBL) has on student motivation and preparedness for life afte...

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Effects of Innovative School Leadership Practices With the Goal of Promoting Collective Teacher Efficacy Through Creating a Collaborative Working Environment: A Literature Review, Deena Terese Bayer
The purpose of this literature review on collective teacher efficacy and collaborative working environment strategies completed in schools settings from Pre-K-university level, was to help guide teachers and school leaders to examine their ...

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The Impact of Mathematics Curriculum Policy in the United States, Kassidy Wade Cook
The purpose of this literature review was to investigate the effectiveness of common curriculum initiatives in mathematics in the United States. First, the study examined the effects of these initiatives on the rates of students’ math anxie...

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Locational Disparity in Rural Education, Carlie A. Hedlund
Location impacts the quality of education a student receives. Specifically in rural areas, the challenges that students face are unique to their location. The purpose of this literature review on locational disparity in rural education was ...

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The Journey of Mindfulness Into Western Classrooms and Its Impact on Education, Cameron Kolodge
Everything has a story, a point of origin, a list of defining features that make it into what it is. Yet the larger and more ubiquitous something gets, the harder it can be to define. The saturation of educational related mindfulness public...

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Recorded Instructor Feedback in Online Education, Kyle L. Lemberg
The purpose of feedback is to communicate information to students about their performance or understanding. Instructor-created recorded audio is one method that may improve the effectiveness and efficiency of feedback. This literature revie...

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Instructor Characteristics and Student Achievement: Do Student Perceptions of Teacher Attributes Impact Their Success?, Hannah Ashley Lindstrom
This paper addresses the following question: How does student perception of teacher appearance, age, and community connection affect student achievement in the classroom? Literature from ERIC, EBSCO, Google Scholar, National Center for Educ...

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Evaluating Effective Teaching Strategies and Student Attributes that Lead to Better Learner Outcomes in the Online Classroom, Nancy A. Marian
Online teaching and learning continue to grow in the post-pandemic educational world. The purpose of this thesis was to identify effective teaching strategies and student attributes that promote positive learner outcomes in the online envir...

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The Impact of Visual Literacy in Secondary Science Education, Elise M. Miller
Visual literacy, or the ability to make sense of and produce images, is an essential but long underrated skill in science. Career scientists and engineers decode and encode information in pictorial form using visual literacy skills regularl...

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Chinese as a Foreign Language in the K-12 Education System of the United States: Challenges and Opportunities, Joseph Colin Miller
This paper examines the state of the Chinese as a Foreign Language (CFL) education system in the United States at the K-12 level. The approach to this research first demonstrates the importance of Chinese language expertise to the United St...

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The Role of Teacher Race on the Academic Outcomes of K-12 Black Students, Mitchell Siewert Olson
Beginning with the inception of our educational system in the United States, there has been an academic disparity that has persisted between white and Black students. Initially this could be attributed to the racist laws that only allowed s...

The Impact of Student/Teacher Race-congruency on a Student’s Academic Experience, Sofia Elizabeth Panagiotopoulos
The purpose of this literature review was to address how race-congruency between students and teachers impacts students' academic achievement and what can be done about the issue. The guiding questions were: 1) does race-congruency between ...

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The Impact of Student/Teacher Race-congruency on a Student’s Academic Experience, Sofia Elizabeth Panagiotopoulos
The purpose of this literature review was to address how race-congruency between students and teachers impacts students' academic achievement and what can be done about the issue. The guiding questions were: 1) does race-congruency between ...

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The Impact of Life Skills Education on Secondary Students, Austin B. Riedeman
The main goal of education is to prepare students to navigate adulthood as independent and responsible members of society. In order to achieve this, individuals need to develop abilities such as making decisions, solving problems, thinking ...

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The Effects of Homework Time and Related Factors on Academic Achievement, Jacob Mark Sandquist
This paper explores the relationship between homework and academic achievement in the areas of homework time, parental involvement and home support, and teacher ideation and student conceptualization. The findings of 30 academic articles we...

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Connecting Common Core State Standards to Career and Technical Education, Tabitha L. Senty
The purpose of this literature review was to identify the current educational pathways that are offered at the secondary level, explore the intersections that exist between career and technical education (CTE) and core academic courses, det...

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Factors Contributing to the Gender Gap in STEM Education, Sarah James Wachter
Women remain underrepresented in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) occupations. In 2018, women made up 50% of the college-educated workforce, while making up only 28% of those working in science and engineering fields...

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Illuminating the Fog: A Research-Based Perspective on Why and How to Teach Shakespearean Texts, Brett Benedict Walters
This literature review seeks to reveal identifiable trends that indicate effective methods for achieving learning targets through the use of Shakespearean texts. Thirty studies concerning the use of these texts in the classroom context were...

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Effective Teaching: the Qualities and Strategies That Impact Student Achievement, Matthew D. Young
This thesis explores the topic of effective teaching in the world of education. There are many definitions to describe what effectiveness is, but a central theme is comparative to educational objectives. Once goals are established, effectiv...

Theses/Dissertations from 2020

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Self-Assessment and Academic Intrinsic Motivation, Rachel A. Bengtson
This paper examines if self-assessment increases student academic intrinsic motivation. Self-assessment is a tool for students to gain valuable skills to become more critical of their academic work, decreasing their dependence on the teache...

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Professional Studies Programs: Impacts and Implications for College and Career Preparation, Kathryn M. Benson
This review of literature examines the effects of professional studies programs and industry relationships on students’ college and career preparation. High schools can no longer place students on an academic or vocational track, as 21st ce...

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Understanding Youth Firesetting Behaviors, Jeremy John Berger
Each year, youth firesetting and fireplay incidents cause millions of dollars in damages, hundreds of injuries and an average of eighty deaths in the United States. Schools are of particular interest as the majority of fires started in educ...

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What are the dimensions of character education the should be developed at the secondary level?, Dawn Jorgenson Brommer
Character education, as defined by C.S. Lewis, (Pike, Nesfield, & Lickona, 2015) starts by developing the following positive character traits: caring relationships, wisdom, fortitude, courage, self-control, justice, forgiveness, gratitude, ...

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The Dyadic Relationship of Student and Teacher Anxiety and the Process for Applying Mindfulness Based Practices in the Classroom, Michelle Joy Brunik
Teachers and students are suffering from mental health problems. It’s prevalence places anxiety in front of other psychological disorders plaguing the education system. The growing body of research on mindfulness-based interventions is show...

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The Paramountcy of Trauma Informed Classrooms, Jodi Elaine Carmeli
Students impacted by trauma make up a substantial portion of the overall population. Yet, schools throughout the United States have failed to adequately meet the needs of trauma-impacted youth and the teachers who support them. As a result,...

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Achievement Gap with Latino Males, Matthew S. Caruso
This literature review reviews the literature of 30 studies completed in the last twenty years that examine barriers for latinx youth, their parents, and their learning communities (student, parent, teacher, etc). The achievement gap for La...

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The Impact of Extracurricular Activities and High School Students, Laurie K. Collings
Extracurricular activities have become very common in the day-to-day life of high school students, however, the reason for participating as well as the impacts may be different for each student. The purpose of this literature review is to u...

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How Does The Use Of Technology In The Classroom Impact The Performance Of Students?, Elizabeth Ann Dargay
Technology has been an expanding force in education, careers, and personal life for an abundant amount of time in the twentieth century. More and more people use email instead of writing old fashion, mailed letters and many times, ecards ar...

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Effective Differentiation Strategies for the Secondary Social Studies Classroom, Emily C. Devroy
The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 sought to improve academic achievement for every child in the United States, regardless of ethnicity, socioeconomic status, or background. Since NCLB, educators and researchers have given differentiation...

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Increasing English Language Learner and Immigrant Parent Involvement in the School to Improve Student Success, Rachel Joleen Droubie
This literature review with application emphasis analyzes the components of parent involvement and its positive relationship to student success, with respect to the barriers that all parents experience and the supplemental barriers for immi...

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Proactive Strategies for Managing Problem Behavior in Secondary Classrooms, Laura Amelia Elder
Problem behaviors in the classroom can negatively impact all students in that particular setting, and result in work-related stress and reduced well-being for teachers. Many teachers rely on public reprimands or exclusionary discipline meth...

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Proactive Classroom Management Strategies in U.S. Middle and Secondary Education, Brittany R. Graves
Knowledge of classroom management strategies has great importance for middle and secondary teachers. The present research aims to consolidate findings on evidence-based, proactive classroom management strategies for adolescents that can be ...

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Teaching English to Adolescent Language Learners, Carmen L. Gunderson
Teaching English to multilingual adolescent learners has its challenges. Pedagogy for English language learners is based on outdated language learning research. Curriculum available for the English language teacher (ELT) has relied on resea...

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Girls in Career and Technical Education Affects Women in Business, Rachel B. Hari
The purpose of this literature review is to understand why fewer girls than boys enter nontraditional careers. Most girls have opportunities to pursue business and different career and technical education (CTE) courses but girls are still l...

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Critical Thinking in Civic Education, Allen G. Hubert
Given the consistent call for and appreciation of the need for critical thinking in education, closer examination of leading approaches shows this curriculum is diverse in its framing, its definition, its goals, and in classroom implementat...

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Federal Regulation on the Inclusion of Students With Disabilities by the Use of Accommodations and Modifications, Benjamin C. Isham
When the federal government enacted No Child Left Behind (NCLB) in 2001, it set the stage to provide inclusion to all students regardless of their academic or physical abilities in the classroom. However, there is often confusion between th...

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How Implementing WICOR in High School Classrooms Encourages Critical Thinking Skills and Promotes Life-long Learning, Tiffany N. Johnson
Educators and policymakers have the responsibility of preparing students to be college and career ready, but many students entering postsecondary education are having to enroll in remedial courses to fill the learning gap created by seconda...

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Co-teaching in the Inclusive Math Classroom, Kylie Marie Kallman Moore
This literature review examined various aspects of co-teaching math in inclusive classrooms. Research has shown varying results on the effects of student achievement for general education students and students with special needs in co-taugh...

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The Positive and Negative Effects of Sports Participation on Adolescents Ranging from Middle School and High School, Kyle Kesselring
The purpose of this literature review was to investigate the positive and negative effects of sports participation on middle school and high school adolescents. The first step was to investigate the adolescents' amount of success academical...

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Deficit Discourse and its Effects on English Learners, Amber Leigh Lewis
Discourse has a profound effect on all students; it affects their sense of self, their beliefs, and their actions. Specifically, teachers who employ a deficit discourse in regard to English Learners (ELs) view ELs as less capable and more d...

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Promoting Youth Civic Engagement through Various Education Methods in a Social Studies Classroom, Zachary Edward Peterson
The purpose of this thesis is to apply knowledge gained from reviewing the literature on promoting youth civic engagement through various educational methods in a Social Studies classroom. The history of civic education, current state of ci...

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The Impact of Trauma and Adverse Childhood Experiences on Adolescent Academic Achievement, Tobiah Robinson
This literature review examines the background of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs), and the impact trauma has on adolescents’ ability to learn. Brain development, brain function, and ACEs’ impact on adolescent brains are also addressed ...

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Aligning Emotional Intelligence Training of Secondary Business Students With Workplace Needs, Amy Rodriguez
Since the concept of emotional intelligence was first introduced, it has been developed, adapted and embraced by both business and academia. Emotional intelligence skills have been strongly associated with dynamic leadership, satisfying per...

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Personal Finance Education: The Benefits in Secondary School Settings, Kathryn Mary Sickels Batterman
The purpose of a Personal Finance course is to develop important financial literacy concepts that all adults need to thrive in today’s increasingly complex economy. A lack of financial literacy for many individuals in the United States is a...

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Standards-Based Reforms: Impact and Future, Lucas A. Slizewski
Standards-based reforms have brought about significant changes to the modern educational system. Standards-based reforms have been shown to have a positive impact on teachers’ instruction by helping to focus teaching. Standards-based reform...

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Teaching for Long-Term Retention: Best Practices, Kai E. Thietje
The author of this thesis has often walked away from conversations with adults with the feeling that those adults do not remember some of the content learned in school in Social Studies subjects such as History and Geography. For this reaso...

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Daring Greatly - Implementing Failure Skills in the Learning Process, Megan K. Timm
Failure plays an unavoidable role in the life of everyone. From the most mastered professionals to the toddler taking his first steps, everyone will experience failure at one point or another. In the educational setting, both educators and ...

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The Impact That Student’s Homelife Have on Their Ability to Achieve Success in School, Annmarie T. Umland
The homelife of an adolescent has a profound impact on their ability to find success in school. Students who come from a family that is made up of a single parent, divorced parents, homelessness, and some other non-traditional family config...

Theses/Dissertations from 2019

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The Positive Impacts of Art Education On Inner-City Students, Paris Nicole Berry
This literature review focuses on the impact that art education and effective teaching practices have on inner-city students. Intensive research through case studies, literature, observations, and scholarly journals provided a thorough unde...

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Readability Formulas and Writing Technique, Eric Andrew Bryant
Readability formulas are widely used to analyze educational texts; however, the use of these formulas has been widely criticized. Prominent among these criticisms are that classic readability formulas calculate readability using only senten...

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Enduring Through Challenging Multi-Media Text in Middle School Social Studies: How to Increase Motivation while Improving Literacy and Comprehension, Katelyn Nicole Burns
Middle school students often find social studies classes boring and unnecessary and are underperforming on national reading and writing assessments. There is a disconnect between what they learn in the classroom, and their own personal expe...

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Engaging Adolescent Boys in Classroom Learning: What Teachers Need to Know About Adolescents and the First Years of Teaching an Elective in a Secondary School, Tiffany Patrice Cook
What are the predominant factors that contribute to adolescent boys’ lack of classroom engagement, and what can teachers do to engage them in the classroom content? This literature review examines motivating and engaging boys in a secondary...

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Participation in Organized Extracurricular Activities and the Impact on Adolescent Outcomes, Kevin Dunnigan
The purpose of this thesis was to analyze research linking extracurricular activity participation and impacts on adolescent outcomes. The research question was: What impact does participation in organized extracurricular activities have on ...

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Education Environment: the Prospect of Integration With Respect to Cultural Diversity, Serina G. Gbakoyah
The rise in immigration is having an impact on schools and communities in developed countries. The socio-economic effect differs from State to State. It is evident that many states with growing immigrant populations seek to strike a balance...

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The Intersection of Social and Emotional Learning, Shy Students, and the Flipped Classroom, Magdalene Augusta Guzik
The importance of social and emotional learning has become a mainstream tenet at the same time that technology advancements have reached the classroom. One such advancement, the flipped classroom, has turned the modern classroom upside down...

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Critical Success Factors for Teaching a Second Language in an Online Setting, Anna Hendrickson
In our society, learning in an online setting is on the rise and learning a second language is becoming increasingly beneficial. The following text presents a review of the critical success factors for teaching a second language in an onlin...

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The Use of 1:1 Technology to Motivate and Engage Students, Adam Huppert
Growth of technology in the past decade has changed the educational system forever. Technology has been integrated into education to incorporate new tools for students to connect with the outside world. Students now have the opportunity to ...

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Addressing the Educational Challenges of Latino Students, Molly A. Ireland
One of the largest minority student populations in the United States is Latinos. Despite the large population, there is a significant achievement gap between Latino students and their white classmates. This literature review examines the is...

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Understanding and Developing Motivation within an Academic Setting, Katarina Marie Klem
Developing, supporting, and encouraging academic motivation within the classroom through a wide variety of internal and external forces that develop and support academic motivation is essential in providing all students with a successful le...

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The Impact Project-Based Learning has on Student Motivation and Academics, Haley Larson
In an effort to find new ways of motivating and engaging students this literature review aims to understand the main concepts of Project-Based Learning (PBL), what motivation is, and how it affects student academics. PBL is a teaching metho...

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Understanding the Adult Correctional Education Student: A Review of Inhibiting Factors, Motivating Factors, and Effective Instructional Strategies for the Classroom, Kayla Ann Larson
In efforts to understand how to motivate adult learners within the correctional education setting, educators must be aware of the inhibiting and motivating factors that either hinder or improve student self-efficacy. While there are numerou...

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Teaching Controversial Issues: Overcoming Obstacles and Using Best Practices, Maggie LeMay
The teaching of controversial issues—those issues which have sparked a prolonged public debate or dispute, and usually, concerns matters of conflicting opinions or points of view—is a necessary and important aspect of any civics education p...

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Best Practices for Teaching Social Studies in the Secondary Dual-language Immersion Setting, Jonathan Mitchell
Teaching Social Studies in the Dual-Language Immersion setting provides unique challenges and opportunities. This paper’s introduction provides a brief explanation of the classifications, terminology and history of Dual Language Immersion p...

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Physical Activity in the Secondary Classroom, Rebecca Streit Nelson
The purpose of this thesis is to review literature related to exercise breaks in the secondary classroom. There is a current nation-wide effort to increase active behavior in our youth. Secondary teachers and administrators are finding new ...

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Effects of Mindfulness Practice on the Academic, Cognitive, and Psychological Outcomes of First and Second Language Learners: A Literature Review, Tami L. Noblet
The purpose of this literature review on Mindfulness and metacognitive studies conducted in a school setting between 1983-2018 was twofold. The first was to investigate the effects of mindfulness on the academic, cognitive, and psychologica...