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Submissions from 2022

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Twenty years with the public health intervention wheel: Evidence for practice, Marjorie A. Schaffer, Susan Strohschein, and Kari Glavin
The Public Health Intervention Wheel (PHI Wheel) is a population-based practice model for public health nursing practice that encompasses three levels of practice (community, systems, individual/family) and 17 public health interventions. T...

Submissions from 2021

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Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients With a Left Ventricular Assist Device (QOLVAD) Questionnaire: Initial Psychometrics of a New Instrument, Kristin E. Sandau, Christopher S. Lee, Kenneth M. Faulkner, Bunny Pozehl, Peter Eckman, Ross Garberich, Carrie E. Weaver, Susan M. Joseph, Shelley Hall, Sandra A. Carey, Sunit Preet Chaudhry, Sarah E. Schroeder, Russell O. Hoffman, David Feldman, Edo Y. Birati, Meshal Soni, Judith Feighery Marble, Corrine Y. Jurgens, Barbara Hoglund, and Jennifer A. Cowger
BACKGROUND: Patients with a left ventricular assist device are a unique and growing population who deserve their own valid, reliable instrument for health-related quality of life. OBJECTIVE: We developed and tested the Health-Related Qualit...

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Family perspectives of healthcare for relatives living with a mental illness, Marjorie A. Schaffer
Purpose: This study explored how parents, partners or spouses, siblings, and adult children, who had a relative living with a mental illness, experienced interactions with mental healthcare providers and staff. Design and Methods: A descrip...

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Speaking Up: How Family Members Advocate for Relatives Living with a Mental Illness, Marjorie A. Schaffer
Consumers with a mental health condition often feel powerless and overwhelmed in interactions with mental healthcare providers. Consumer self-advocacy and advocacy actions undertaken by their family members on the behalf of their relative c...

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HRS/EHRA/APHRS/LAHRS/ACC/AHA worldwide practice update for telehealth and arrhythmia monitoring during and after a pandemic Developed in partnership with and endorsed by the American College of Cardiology (ACC), the American Heart Association (AHA), the Asia Pacific Heart Rhythm Society (APHRS), the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA), the Heart Rhythm Society (HRS), and the Latin American Heart Rhythm Society (LAHRS)., Niraj Varma, Nassir F. Marrouche, Luis Aguinaga, Christine M. Albert, Elena Arbelo, Jong Il Choi, Mina K. Chung, Giulio Conte, Lilas Dagher, Laurence M. Epstein, Hamid Ghanbari, Janet K. Han, Hein Heidbuchel, He Huang, Dhanunjaya R. Lakkireddy, Tachapong Ngarmukos, Andrea M. Russo, Eduardo B. Saad, Luis C. Saenz Morales, Kristin E. Sandau, Arun Raghav M. Sridhar, and Eric C. Stecker

Submissions from 2020

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Guidance for cardiac electrophysiology during the COVID-19 pandemic from the Heart Rhythm Society COVID-19 Task Force; Electrophysiology Section of the American College of Cardiology; and the Electrocardiography and Arrhythmias Committee of the Council on Clinical Cardiology, American Heart Association, Dhanunjaya R. Lakkireddy, Mina K. Chung, Rakesh Gopinathannair, Kristen K. Patton, Ty J. Gluckman, Mohit Turagam, Jim W. Cheung, Parin Patel, Juan Sotomonte, Rachel Lampert, Janet K. Han, Bharath Rajagopalan, Lee Eckhardt, Jose Joglar, Kristin E. Sandau, Brian Olshansky, Elaine Wan, Peter A. Noseworthy, Miguel Leal, Elizabeth Kaufman, Alejandra Gutierrez, and Joseph E. Marine
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a global pandemic that is wreaking havoc on the health and economy of much of human civilization. Electrophysiologists have been impacted personally and professionally by this global catastrophe. In th...

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Guidance for Cardiac Electrophysiology during the COVID-19 Pandemic from the Heart Rhythm Society COVID-19 Task Force; Electrophysiology Section of the American College of Cardiology; and the Electrocardiography and Arrhythmias Committee of the Council on Clinical Cardiology, American Heart Association, Dhanunjaya R. Lakkireddy, Mina K. Chung, Kristen K. Patton, Ty J. Gluckman, Mohit Turagam, Jim Cheung, Parin Patel, Juan Sotomonte, Rachel Lampert, Janet K. Han, Bharath Rajagopalan, Lee Eckhardt, Jose Joglar, Kristin Sandau, Brian Olshansky, Elaine Wan, Peter A. Noseworthy, Miguel Leal, Elizabeth Kaufman, Alejandra Gutierrez, Joseph E. Marine, and Paul J. Wang
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a global pandemic that is wreaking havoc on the health and economy of much of human civilization. Electrophysiologists have been impacted personally and professionally by this global catastrophe. In th...

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HRS/EHRA/APHRS/LAHRS/ACC/AHA Worldwide Practice Update for Telehealth and Arrhythmia Monitoring during and after a Pandemic, Niraj Varma, Nassir F. Marrouche, Luis Aguinaga, Christine M. Albert, Elena Arbelo, Jong Il Choi, Mina K. Chung, Giulio Conte, Lilas Dagher, Laurence M. Epstein, Hamid Ghanbari, Janet K. Han, Hein Heidbuchel, He Huang, Dhanunjaya R. Lakkireddy, Tachapong Ngarmukos, Andrea M. Russo, Eduardo B. Saad, Luis C. Saenz Morales, Kristin E. Sandau, Arun Raghav M. Sridhar, and Eric C. Stecker

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HRS/EHRA/APHRS/LAHRS/ACC/AHA worldwide practice update for telehealth and arrhythmia monitoring during and after a pandemic, Niraj Varma, Nassir F. Marrouche, Luis Aguinaga, Christine M. Albert, Elena Arbelo, Jong Il Choi, Mina K. Chung, Giulio Conte, Lilas Dagher, Laurence M. Epstein, Hamid Ghanbari, Janet K. Han, Hein Heidbuchel, He Huang, Dhanunjaya R. Lakkireddy, Tachapong Ngarmukos, Andrea M. Russo, Eduardo B. Saad, Luis C. Saenz Morales, Kristin E. Sandau, Arun Raghav M. Sridhar, and Eric C. Stecker

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HRS/EHRA/APHRS/LAHRS/ACC/AHA Worldwide Practice Update for Telehealth and Arrhythmia Monitoring During and After a Pandemic, Niraj Varma, Nassir F. Marrouche, Luis Aguinaga, Christine M. Albert, Elena Arbelo, Jong Il Choi, Mina K. Chung, Giulio Conte, Lilas Dagher, Laurence M. Epstein, Hamid Ghanbari, Janet K. Han, Hein Heidbuchel, He Huang, Dhanunjaya R. Lakkireddy, Tachapong Ngarmukos, Andrea M. Russo, Eduardo B. Saad, Luis C. Saenz Morales, Kristin E. Sandau, Arun Raghav M. Sridhar, and Eric C. Stecker

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HRS/EHRA/APHRS/LAHRS/ACC/AHA worldwide practice update for telehealth and arrhythmia monitoring during and after a pandemic, Niraj Varma, Nassir F. Marrouche, Luis Aguinaga, Christine M. Albert, Elena Arbelo, Jong Il Choi, Mina K. Chung, Giulio Conte, Lilas Dagher, Laurence M. Epstein, Hamid Ghanbari, Janet K. Han, Hein Heidbuchel, He Huang, Dhanunjaya R. Lakkireddy, Tachapong Ngarmukos, Andrea M. Russo, Eduardo B. Saad, Luis C. Saenz Morales, Kristin E. Sandau, Arun Raghav M. Sridhar, and Eric C. Stecker

Submissions from 2019

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The Public Health Intervention Wheel in Norway, Kari Glavin, Marjorie A. Schaffer, and Lisbeth G. Kvarme
Objective: This study explored experiences Norwegian public health nurses (PHNs) have with using interventions from the Public Health Intervention Wheel (PHIW). Design and Sample: The researchers used both quantitative and qualitative measu...

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Implementing practice standards for inpatient electrocardiographic monitoring, Sue Sendelbach, Kristin E. Sandau, Lisa Smith, Robert Kreiger, Steven Hanovich, and Marjorie Funk
Background Although electrocardiographic monitoring is common in hospitalized patients, many patients receive unnecessary monitoring, contributing to patients' inconvenience, clinicians' alarm fatigue, and delayed admissions. Objective To e...

Submissions from 2018

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Public Health Interventions: School Nurse Practice Stories, Linda J.W. Anderson, Marjorie A. Schaffer, Cynthia Hiltz, Stacie A. O’Leary, Ruth Ellen Luehr, and Erika L. Yoney
This study describes and analyzes school nurses’ (SN) experiences with understanding and using public health interventions from the Public Health Intervention Wheel. The Wheel offers a model for naming interventions provided by SNs from a p...

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Skin impact of alcohol-based hand rubs vs handwashing, Margo Halm and Kristin Sandau

Submissions from 2017

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Update to Practice Standards for Electrocardiographic Monitoring in Hospital Settings: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association, Kristin E. Sandau, Marjorie Funk, Andrew Auerbach, Gregory W. Barsness, Kay Blum, Maria Cvach, Rachel Lampert, Jeanine L. May, George M. McDaniel, Marco V. Perez, Sue Sendelbach, Claire E. Sommargren, and Paul J. Wang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This scientific statement provides an interprofessional, comprehensive review of evidence and recommendations for indications, duration, and implementation of continuous electro cardiographic monitoring of hospitaliz...

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Demystifying Nursing Theory: A Christian Nursing Perspective, Marjorie A. Schaffer, Kristin Sandau, and Bernita Missal
How does nursing theory apply to nursing practice? Nursing theory can explain the why and how of nursing practice, guide nursing interventions, and provide a framework for measuring outcomes. This article briefly explains nursing theory, pr...

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Demystifying Nursing Theory: A Christian Nursing Perspective, Marjorie A. Schaffer, Kristin Sandau, and Bernita Missal
How does nursing theory apply to nursing practice? Nursing theory can explain the why and how of nursing practice, guide nursing interventions, and provide a framework for measuring outcomes. This article briefly explains nursing theory, pr...

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Creating and sustaining an academic-practice Partnership Engagement Model, Marjorie A. Schaffer, Patricia M. Schoon, and Bonnie L. Brueshoff
Public health clinical educators and practicing public health nurses (PHNs) are experiencing challenges in creating meaningful clinical learning experiences for nursing students due to an increase in nursing programs and greater workload re...

Submissions from 2016

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Public Health Interventions for School Nursing Practice, Marjorie A. Schaffer, Linda J.W. Anderson, and Shannon Rising
School nurses (SNs) use public health nursing knowledge and skills to provide nursing services to school populations. The Public Health Intervention Wheel is a practice framework that can be used to explain and guide public health nursing i...

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Second Life® Virtual Learning in Public Health Nursing, Marjorie A. Schaffer, Jone M. Tiffany, Kelly Kantack, and Linda J.W. Anderson
Background: With limited available public health nursing clinical placements, nurse educators are challenged to create alternative learning experiences that engage students. Method: Nursing faculty developed three Second Life® virtual learn...

Submissions from 2015

Health-related quality of life, Kristin E. Sandau, Timothy S. Bredow, and Sandra J. Peterson

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Computer-assisted interventions to improve QTC documentation in patients receiving QT-prolonging drugs, Kristin E. Sandau, Sue Sendelbach, Linda Fletcher, Joel Frederickson, Barbara J. Drew, and Marjorie Funk
Background Many medications commonly used in hospitals can cause prolonged corrected QT interval (QTc), putting patients at risk for torsade de pointes (TdP), a potentially fatal arrhythmia. However, documentation of QTc for hospitalized pa...

Social support, Marjorie A. Schaffer

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Public Health Nursing Activities: Visible or Invisible?, Marjorie A. Schaffer, Linda Olson Keller, and Dawn Reckinger
Objective: To promote visibility of public health nurses (PHNs), this study identified public health nursing activities and explored PHN perceptions of the impact of their activities on the health of the communities they serve. Design and S...

Submissions from 2014

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The development, implementation, and evaluation of an end-of-life simulation experience for baccalaureate nursing students, Katherine Fabro, Marjorie Schaffer, and Julie Scharton
AIM This article presents an example of a high-fidelity end-of-life simulation developed for an elective course in a baccalaureate nursing program. BACKGROUND Nursing education programs often lack opportunities for palliative care experienc...

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A comparison of the well child clinic services in Norway and the nurse family partnership programme in the United States, Kari Glavin and Marjorie A. Schaffer
Aim and objectives: To present a comparison and a discussion of the Well Child Clinic model in Norway and the Nurse-Family Partnership® model in the United States. Background: The Nurse Family Partnership programme in the United States is v...

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A Comparison of the Cornerstones of Public Health Nursing in Norway and in the United States, Kari Glavin, Marjorie A. Schaffer, Liv Halvorsrud, and Lisbeth Gravdal Kvarme
Objectives: This study describes a comparison of the values and beliefs foundational to community nursing practice in Norway with the Cornerstones of Public Health Nursing based on public health nursing practice in the United States. Design...

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Spotlight on nurse researcher Kimberly Stephens, Hannah Wichterman Peller and Kristin E. Sandau

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Use of the minnesota living with heart failure questionnaire among elderly patients with aortic stenosis: Results from a pilot study, Kristin E. Sandau, Charlene Boisjolie, and James S. Hodges
BACKGROUND:: Past studies of health-related quality of life (HRQL) in aortic stenosis (AS) have focused on valve replacement, using generic or heart failure measures because no disease-specific measure exists. The literature is lacking in b...

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A conceptual definition of quality of life with a left ventricular assist device: Results from a qualitative study, Kristin E. Sandau, Barbara A. Hoglund, Carrie E. Weaver, Charlene Boisjolie, and David Feldman
Objective: To develop a conceptual definition of quality of life (QoL) with a left ventricular assist device (LVAD). Background: Conceptual and operational definitions of QoL with an LVAD are lacking. Methods: A grounded theory method was u...

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Public health nurse mentorship of pregnant and parenting adolescents, Marjorie A. Schaffer and Ngozi Mbibi
Objective: This study explored the experience of the mentoring relationship for public health nurses (PHNs) and teen parents. Design and Sample: PHNs and teen parents who participated in the Parenting and Teen Program provided qualitative d...

Submissions from 2013

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Spotlight on nursing research and evolving practice, Hannah Wichterman Peller and Kristin Sandau

Social support, Marjorie A. Schaffer
Social support is a middle range theory that addresses structure and interaction in relationships. It impacts health status, health behavior, and use of health services ( Stewart, 1993 ). As health professionals, nurses often have access to...

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Evidence-based practice models for organizational change: Overview and practical applications, Marjorie A. Schaffer, Kristin E. Sandau, and Lee Diedrick
Aim: To provide an overview, summary of key features and evaluation of usefulness of six evidence-based practice models frequently discussed in the literature. Background: The variety of evidence-based practice models and frameworks, comple...

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Evidence-based practice models for organizational change: Overview and practical applications, Marjorie A. Schaffer, Kristin E. Sandau, and Lee Diedrick
Aim: To provide an overview, summary of key features and evaluation of usefulness of six evidence-based practice models frequently discussed in the literature. Background: The variety of evidence-based practice models and frameworks, comple...

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Competency of new graduate nurses: A review of their weaknesses and strategies for success, Janelle L. Theisen and Kristin E. Sandau
Because of the ongoing nursing shortage and the increasing acuity of patients, new graduate nurses must master both psychomotor and critical thinking skills rapidly. Inadequate orientation leads to high turnover rates for new graduates. Hea...

Submissions from 2012

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Care of external fixator pin sites, Debbie Lagerquist, Michelle Dabrowski, Cari Dock, Angela Fox, Michell Daymond, Kristin E. Sandau, and Margo Halm

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Evaluation of a Public Health Nurse Visiting Program for Pregnant and Parenting Teens, Marjorie A. Schaffer, Amy Goodhue, Kaye Stennes, and Cheryl Lanigan
A visiting nurse agency created the Pregnant and Parenting Team Program, an innovative program for serving pregnant and parenting teen mothers to promote family and child health and family self-sufficiency. Public health nurses (PHNs) provi...

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End-of-life discussion in assisted living facilities, Marjorie A. Schaffer, Kerry Keenan, Faith Zwirchitz, and Laura Tierschel
Discussion about end-of-life healthcare choices can contribute to honoring preferences and facilitating a peaceful dying process for residents in assisted living facilities. Focus groups were used to explore perspectives on end-of-life disc...

Submissions from 2011

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A Practical Communication Strategy to Improve Implementation of Evidence-based Practice, Lee A. Diedrick, Marjorie A. Schaffer, and Kristin E. Sandau
OBJECTIVE:: The purpose of this study was to determine if a consistent communication strategy for implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP), developed with input from staff nurses, improved staff nurse satisfaction with communication ...

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Cornerstones of public health nursing, Linda Olson Keller, Susan Strohschein, and Marjorie A. Schaffer
The "Cornerstones of Public Health Nursing" describe the values and beliefs that underlie the practice of Public Health Nursing, which is a synthesis of public health and nursing. The impetus for the development of the Cornerstone framework...

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Finding common ground in public health nursing education and practice, Linda O. Keller, Marjorie A. Schaffer, Patricia M. Schoon, Bonnie Brueshoff, and Rose Jost
Preparation of the public health nursing (PHN) workforce requires public health nurses from academia and practice to collaborate. However, a shortage of PHN clinical sites may lead to competition between schools of nursing for student place...

Health-related quality of life, Kristin E. Sandau, Timothy S. Bredow, and Sandra J. Peterson

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Effect of a Preceptor Education Workshop: Part 1. Quantitative Results of a Hospital-Wide Study, Kristin E. Sandau, L. Grace Cheng, Zhenyu Pan, Philippe R. Gaillard, and Leanne Hammer
Background: This study examined the hospital-wide effect of a mandatory 8-hour preceptor workshop on preceptors and orientees. Methods: A mixed-methods approach (QUAN + qual) with a quasi-experimental design was used to test nurse preceptor...

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Effect of a preceptor education workshop: Part 2. Qualitative results of a hospital-wide study, Kristin E. Sandau and Margo Halm
Background: This study examined the hospital-wide effect of a mandatory 8-hour nurse preceptor workshop on preceptors and orientees. Methods: A mixed-methods approach was used. The quantitative surveys were augmented with qualitative short-...

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The Henry Street Consortium Population-Based Competencies for Educating Public Health Nursing Students, Marjorie A. Schaffer, Sharon Cross, Linda O. Keller, Pamela Nelson, Patricia M. Schoon, and Pat Henton
The Henry Street Consortium, a collaboration of nurse educators from universities and colleges and public health nurses (PHNs) from government, school, and community agencies, developed 11 population-based competencies for educating nursing...

Submissions from 2010

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Critical care nurses' perceptions of obstacles, supports, and knowledge needed in providing quality end-of-life care, Saundra K. Crump, Marjorie A. Schaffer, and Evie Schulte
In response to critical care nurses' perceptions of increasing stress and conflict in difficult end-of-life (EOL) situations, the researchers conducted a study to identify perceived obstacles, supports, and knowledge needed to provide quali...

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A university and health care organization partnership to prepare nurses for evidence-based practice, Bernita Missal, Beth Kaiser Schafer, Margo A. Halm, and Marjorie A. Schaffer
This article describes a partnership model between a university and health care organizations for teaching graduate nursing research from a framework of evidence-based practice. Nurses from health care organizations identified topics for gr...

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Critical Review of Health-Related Quality of Life Studies of Patients With Aortic Stenosis, Laura Beth Nugteren and Kristin E. Sandau
While studies of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are increasing among cardiovascular patients, very few have examined HRQOL in persons with aortic stenosis (AS). A critical review of studies (1997-2008) of HRQOL in persons with AS wa...

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Preceptor-based orientation programs: Effective for nurses and organizations?, Kristin E. Sandau and Margo A. Halm

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National survey of cardiologists' standard of practice for continuous ST-segment monitoring, Kristin E. Sandau, Sue Sendelbach, Joel Frederickson, and Karen Doran
Background Continuous ST-segment monitoring can be used to detect early and transient cardiac ischemia. The American Heart Association and American Association of Critical-Care Nurses recommend its use among specific patients, but such moni...

Submissions from 2009

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Continuous ST-segment monitoring: 3 case studies in progressive care, Kristin E. Sandau and Maureen Smith

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Continuous ST-segment monitoring: Protocol for practice, Kristin E. Sandau and Maureen Smith

Submissions from 2008

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Health-related quality of life and subjective neurocognitive function three months after coronary artery bypass graft surgery, Kristin E. Sandau, Ruth A. Lindquist, Diane Treat-Jacobson, and Kay Savik
Purpose: We compared health-related quality of life (HRQL), including patient-perceived neurocognitive function at preoperative baseline and 3 months after coronary artery bypass (CABG) surgery. Design: The design was prospective and compar...