Teaching M.A.

Number of Pages


Year Approved


First Advisor

Bergeland, John

Second Reader

Jon Moberg;


Racial inequities persist throughout the United States’ educational system despite the increased attention on reducing exclusionary discipline. These inequities, conceptualized as educational and disciplinary gaps between Black and White students, produce negative outcomes for students of color including decreased graduation rates and an increased risk of entering the criminal justice system. In this review, I analyzed current literature in order to identify multiple factors that impact the racial discipline gap at the familial, organizational, and individual levels. Based on the literature reviewed and analyzed here, closing the racial discipline gap requires educational stakeholders to implement a framework of principles, policies, and practices that eliminate bias, strengthen student-staff relationships, and provide teachers with coaching and support.

Degree Name

Teaching M.A.

Document Type

Masterʼs thesis