Special Education M.A.

Number of Pages


Year Approved


First Advisor

Strand, Charles

Second Reader

Jan Mrozinski;


Literacy skills are essential for success in school, work, and social life. In spite of years of research and reform, there is still an alarming rate of illiteracy in America today. This literature review, with application emphasis thesis, reviews various articles in order to understand how to optimize reading instruction. The effects of various elements of interventions are explored, including the type of intervention, dosage, group size, and location. Multicomponent interventions were found to be the most effective. Also, increasing total intervention time was correlated with greater effect sizes. Additionally, one-on-one interventions were more effective than small-group interventions. Plans for progress monitoring materials and professional development presentations are discussed to meet the needs of teachers who need turn-key solutions to track their students’ progress through the milestones of phonics instruction. Implications of the findings are discussed.

Degree Name

Special Education M.A.

Document Type

Masterʼs thesis