Special Education M.A.

Number of Pages


Year Approved


First Advisor

Cavalier, Meghan

Second Reader

Erin Wanat;


Staffing shortages have been a growing area of concern for school districts, which has driven research over the years. This literature review examined the effects that staffing shortages have on student learning and student achievement. Additionally, many components of staffing shortages, such as the potential causes behind staffing shortages and recommendations for best practice strategies and interventions to successfully overcome staffing shortages, were also addressed throughout the literature review. Many researchers discovered that staffing shortages were caused by a variety of reasons, including working conditions, compensation, support from administration or school leaders, and stress, leading to burnout. Although there are a variety of factors related to teacher turnover and staffing shortages across school districts, comprehensive strategies must be considered to effectively overcome the challenges associated with staffing concerns. Studies have shown that staffing shortages can be addressed through best practice strategies and interventions that increase support towards educators, enhance working conditions and decrease stress, allow for alternative licensing opportunities, and provide incentives to increase the number of candidates being prepared to teach within each school district. Research has shown that due to the variety of factors related to staffing shortages, school districts cannot simply look for a single solution, as this problem is far too complex. A multitude of proactive strategies must be put in place and sustained overtime to allow all students to experience success throughout their educational experiences.

Degree Name

Special Education M.A.

Document Type

Masterʼs thesis