Special Education M.A.

Year Approved


First Advisor

Silmser, Lisa

Second Reader

Rob Weberg;


Teachers' unions have a vital role in public education. The collective bargaining agreements negotiated between them and school districts are viewed by many as the de facto rule book for how a school is organized and how it shall operate. Despite the importance of these formal contracts, the measurable effects of the teacher's union's collective bargaining agreements on school functions remain understudied. This literature review seeks to identify how teachers' union's efforts influence school funding, productivity, and educational inputs and outputs through their collective bargaining agreements. In summary, this literature review finds that collective bargaining agreements have a tremendous influence on school funding/allocating efforts and a school's overall productivity. However, the extant literature finds that teachers’ union collective bargaining agreements have an insignificant effect on student outcomes. Is it acceptable that these de facto rule books do not affect student outcomes? As schools seek to understand the factors that impact student achievement, it is essential for them to examine their collective bargaining agreements to ensure they are properly aligned with provisions that support increasing student outcomes.

Degree Name

Special Education M.A.

Document Type

Masterʼs thesis