Special Education M.A.

Number of Pages


Year Approved


First Advisor

Silmser, Lisa

Second Reader

John Bergeland;


The focus of this literature review is to explore what secondary teachers can do to better support their students who struggle with reading by examining what works in elementary educational settings and with students who are English learners or who have disabilities, along with how motivation factors into reading achievement. Reading is considered an essential skill that students need in order to be successful both inside and outside of the classroom. Much of the research on reading intervention focused on elementary students and discussed how important it was to catch reading struggles early so students can be set up for success later. With that said, many secondary students go into middle and high school still struggling with foundational reading skills. The research ultimately suggested that foundational reading skills need to be internalized before students can be successful in learning more advanced reading skills, and that motivation is an important factor in increasing reading achievement. Thus, foundational reading interventions and motivational interventions are important to incorporate in secondary settings and instructional plans to set up struggling readers for success.

Degree Name

Special Education M.A.

Document Type

Masterʼs thesis