Special Education M.A.

Year Approved


First Advisor

Strand, Charles


Schools across the country are utilizing exclusionary discipline (ED) at an alarming rate. Exclusionary discipline is suspension, expulsion, and other disciplinary actions leading to a student’s removal from the typical educational setting. Exclusionary discipline rates have increased dramatically in the past decade. Past research has shown the negative effects of the use of ED including academic failure, high school drop out, grade retention, illegal substance abuse, and involvement in the juvenile justice system. School Wide Positive Behavior Interventions and Supports, restorative practices, in-school suspension, mentoring/counseling programs, and conflict resolution and social emotional learning programs have all proven to be positive alternatives to ED. Analyzing discipline data and additional professional development in behavior management and cultural competence are also proactive interventions to reduce the use of ED in schools.

Degree Name

Special Education M.A.

Document Type

Masterʼs thesis