Our professors are distinguished scholars, active researchers, published writers, and faithful Christians who demonstrate what it means to be both Christ-followers and leaders in their academic fields. As mentors and role models, they play a huge role in the integration of faith and learning at Bethel.

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Submissions from 2019

Trajectories of birth family contact in domestic adoptions, Harold D. Grotevant, Gretchen Miller Wrobel, Lisa Fiorenzo, Albert Y.H. Lo, and Ruth G. McRoy
Emotional distance regulation theory (Broderick, 1993; Grotevant, 2009) guided this examination of the changes in family structure and process in adoptive kinship networks experiencing different arrangements of contact between birth and ado...

Minding the (Information) Gap: What Do Emerging Adult Adoptees Want to Know About Their Birth Parents?, Gretchen Miller Wrobel and Harold D. Grotevant
The formation of an adoption information gap was examined for a group of 169 emerging adults (M = 25.0 years) who were adopted as infants. Participants completed interviews and questionnaires at adolescence and emerging adulthood (late teen...

Submissions from 2014

Adoptees' Contact With Birth Relatives in Emerging Adulthood, Rachel H. Farr, Holly A. Grant-Marsney, Danila S. Musante, Harold D. Grotevant, and Gretchen Miller Wrobel
While openness in adoption has become more common in the United States, little research has examined contact between birth and adoptive families as adoptees become adults. Using quantitative and qualitative data from 167 emerging adult adop...

Submissions from 2013

Contact between adoptive and birth families: Perspectives from the Minnesota/Texas adoption research project, Harold D. Grotevant, Ruth G. Mcroy, Gretchen M. Wrobel, and Susan Ayers-Lopez
A growing number of adoptive families have contact with their children's birth relatives. The Minnesota/Texas Adoption Research Project is examining longitudinally the consequences of variations in contact arrangements for birth mothers, ad...

Adoptees' curiosity and information-seeking about birth parents in emerging adulthood: Context, motivation, and behavior, Gretchen Miller Wrobel, Harold D. Grotevant, Diana R. Samek, and Lynn Von Korff
The Adoption Curiosity Pathway (ACP) model was used to test the potential mediating effect of curiosity on adoption information-seeking in a sample of 143 emerging adult adoptees (mean age = 25.0 years) who were adopted as infants within th...

Submissions from 2012

Understanding the Adoptive Family within the Context of Christian Hospitality, Gretchen Miller Wrobel
Adoptive families can take many forms, yet there are similarities across adoptive family types that can be studied. Relevant research regarding the adoptive kinship network, openness and contact in adoption, family communication about adopt...

Adopted Adolescents: Who and What Are They Curious About?, Gretchen Miller Wrobel and Kristin Dillon

Connecting Research to Practice, Gretchen Miller Wrobel and Elsbeth Neil

International Advances in Adoption Research for Practice, Gretchen Miller Wrobel and Elsbeth Neil
This is a unique compilation of cross-cultural and international attitudes towards adoption research and outcomes. Whilst informal adoption of children has probably always existed across all human societies, this work is timely in that inte...

Submissions from 2011

The role of adoption communicative openness in information seeking among adoptees from adolescence to emerging adulthood, Brooke A. Skinner-Drawz, Gretchen Miller Wrobel, Harold D. Grotevant, and Lynn von Korff
Adoption Communicative Openness was examined as a predictor of information seeking from adolescence to emerging adulthood in a group of adoptees who did not have direct contact with birth relatives during adolescence. Changes in information...

Submissions from 2007

Many faces of openness in adoption: Perspectives of adopted adolescents and their parents, Harold D. Grotevant, Gretchen Miller Wrobel, Lynn Von Korff, Brooke Skinner, Jane Newell, Sarah Friese, and Ruth McRoy
Parents and adolescents (mean age, 15.7 years) from 177 adoptive families participating in the second wave of the Minnesota/Texas Adoption Research Project were interviewed about their post-adoption contact arrangements. The sample included...

Submissions from 2006

Adolescents' feelings about openness in adoption: Implications for adoption agencies, Jerica M. Berge, Tai J. Mendenhall, Gretchen M. Wrobel, Harold D. Grotevant, and Ruth G. McRoy
Adoption research commonly uses parents' reports of satisfaction when examining openness in adoption arrangements. This qualitative study aimed to fill a gap in the adoption research by using adolescents' voices to gain a better understandi...

Submissions from 2004

Adolescents' satisfaction with contact in adoption, Tai J. Mendenhall, Jerica M. Berge, Gretchen M. Wrobel, Harold D. Grotevant, and Ruth G. McRoy
The current investigation drew from the second wave of data collected from the Minnesota-Texas Adoption Research Project (MTARP). Adolescents involved in adoptive arrangements in which there is contact with birth parents were compared to ad...

Moving Forward, Gretchen Miller Wrobel

Adolescent Search for Birthparents: Who Moves Forward?, Gretchen Miller Wrobel, Harold D. Grotevant, and Ruth G. McRoy
The decision to search for birthparents is one that all adopted persons consider. The focus of this study is to describe, for a group of adopted adolescents, who chooses to search and who does not and to explore how search behavior is relat...

The Family Adoption Communication (FAC) Model: Identifying Pathways of Adoption-Related Communication, Gretchen Miller Wrobel, Julie K. Kohler, Harold D. Grotevant, and Ruth G. McRoy
Presented is a theoretical model explaining how family communication about adoption evolves over time. Based on data from a national longitudinal study of the effects of openness in adoption (Grotevant & McRoy, 1998), the Family Adoption Co...

Submissions from 2003

Contact in Adoption: The Experience of Adoptive Families in the USA, Gretchen Miller Wrobel, Harold D. Grotevant, Jerica Berge, Tai Mendenhall, and Ruth McRoy
Contact in adoption is a complex issue that adoption professionals frequently negotiate. Today most adoption placements include an initial plan for contact that in many instances changes over time. By understanding contact as an issue that ...

Submissions from 2001

The emergence of psychosocial engagement in adopted adolescents: The family as context over time, Harold D. Grotevant, Gretchen Miller Wrobel, Manfred H. Van Dulmen, and Ruth G. McRoy
Psychosocial engagement of adopted adolescents was examined as a function of longitudinal patterns of stability and change in parents'perceptions of the compatibility of the child within the family. Psychosocial engagement involves the adol...

Submissions from 1998

Factors related to patterns of information exchange between adoptive parents and children in mediated adoptions, Gretchen Miller Wrobel, Julie K. Kohler, Harold D. Grotevant, and Ruth G. McRoy
Communication between adoptive parents and their adopted children was examined in a sample of 60 families involved in mediated adoptive relationships. Subjects for this study participated in the Minnesota-Texas Adoption Project, a nationwid...

Submissions from 1996

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Openness in Adoption and the Level of Child Participation, Gretchen Miller Wrobel, Susan Ayers-Lopez, Harold D. Grotevant, Ruth G. McRoy, and Meredith Friedrick
There is great controversy regarding the impact of openness in adoption, especially the impact of such an arrangement on adopted children. Three indicators of the level of child participation in the openness arrangement were examined: (a) l...