Title

Dynamic placement of plasmonic hotspots for super-resolution surface-enhanced Raman scattering

Document Type

Article

Abstract

In this paper, we demonstrate dynamic placement of locally enhanced plasmonic fields using holographic laser illumination of a silver nanohole array. To visualize these focused "hotspots", the silver surface was coated with various biological samples for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) imaging. Due to the large field enhancements, blinking behavior of the SERS hotspots was observed and processed using a stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy algorithm enabling super-resolution localization of the hotspots to within 10 nm. These hotspots were then shifted across the surface in subwavelength (<100 nm for a wavelength of 660 nm) steps using holographic illumination from a spatial light modulator. This created a dynamic imaging and sensing surface, whereas static illumination would only have produced stationary hotspots. Using this technique, we also show that such subwavelength shifting and localization of plasmonic hotspots has potential for imaging applications. Interestingly, illuminating the surface with randomly shifting SERS hotspots was sufficient to completely fill in a wide field of view for super-resolution chemical imaging.

Department(s)

Physics and Engineering

Publication Title

ACS Nano

Volume

8

Issue

10

First Page

10941

Last Page

10946

Publication Date

1-1-2014

DOI

10.1021/nn504776b

ISSN

19360851

E-ISSN

1936086X

PubMed ID

25268457

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