Title

Competency of new graduate nurses: A review of their weaknesses and strategies for success

Document Type

Article

Abstract

Because of the ongoing nursing shortage and the increasing acuity of patients, new graduate nurses must master both psychomotor and critical thinking skills rapidly. Inadequate orientation leads to high turnover rates for new graduates. Health care leaders must examine the competencies needed for new graduate nurses to succeed in this environment. A critical review of studies (n = 26) was conducted to identify crucial competencies that are needed for new graduate nurses to be successful. Six areas were identified in which new graduates lacked competence: communication, leadership, organization, critical thinking, specific situations, and stress management. Strategies were identified to improve the transition of new graduates. Hospitals should consider implementing nurse residency programs that include strategies for clear communication and conflict management, prioritization skills, and leadership development. Schools of nursing should add communication strategies to their current focus on critical thinking, clinical reasoning, and simulation scenarios and include situation-specific skills such as end-of-life scenarios. Further research should focus on stress management, leadership, clinical reasoning, and evaluation of measurement tools for new graduates. © SLACK Incorporated.

Department(s)

Nursing

Publication Title

Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing

Volume

44

Issue

9

First Page

406

Last Page

414

Publication Date

1-1-2013

DOI

10.3928/00220124-20130617-38

ISSN

00220124

PubMed ID

23799789

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