A conceptual definition of quality of life with a left ventricular assist device: Results from a qualitative study
Objective: To develop a conceptual definition of quality of life (QoL) with a left ventricular assist device (LVAD). Background: Conceptual and operational definitions of QoL with an LVAD are lacking. Methods: A grounded theory method was used. Adult, outpatient LVAD recipients (n=11) participated twice in individual or paired interviews. Results: A conceptual definition of QoL while living with an LVAD was established as: "Being well enough to do and enjoy day-to-day activities that are important to me." Participants described 5 important life domains consistent with QoL literature: physical, emotional, social, cognitive, and spiritual/meaning. However, participants identified unique concerns not addressed by generic or heart failure disease specific measures typically used in the LVAD population. Conclusion: Existing generic and heart-failure specific QoL measures are not adequate for understanding QoL among LVAD patients. Cognition and spiritual/meaning domains were significant; these need inclusion for comprehensive QoL assessment in the LVAD population. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.
Heart and Lung: Journal of Acute and Critical Care
Sandau, Kristin E.; Hoglund, Barbara A.; Weaver, Carrie E.; Boisjolie, Charlene; and Feldman, David, "A conceptual definition of quality of life with a left ventricular assist device: Results from a qualitative study" (2014). Nursing Faculty Publications. 17.