The Effects of the Incentive Approach on Physical Activity and Sleep Utilizing Wearable Fitness Technology
PURPOSE: Wearable fitness technology (WFT) is a relevant tool in analyzing physical activity and sleep. Sleep and physical activity have symbiotic roles in maintaining wellness and returning the body to homeostasis. Currently, research is lacking in demonstrating effects of intensification on physical activity using WFT. This study analyzed the effects of incentivisation on physical activity and its relationship to sleep using the UP Jawbone. METHODS: 35 Bethel University students (16 males, 19 females) were recruited, ages 18-23 (20.49 years ± 1.44 years) and randomized into the control (17) or incentivized group (18). Sleep and physical activity data were recorded for 4 weeks through the UP Jawbone and documented in Excel. Data analysis compared time spent in deep sleep (minutes), overall sleep duration (minutes) steps per day, and logged workout time (minutes). RESULTS: Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS v.25. An independent sample t-test comparing total steps taken by the control and incentivized groups demonstrated no significance (p = 0.207). A 3-way ANOVA comparing the steps taken by both groups showed no significance (p = 0.683, 0.845). A correlation of daily steps, deep sleep, and sleep duration demonstrated significance between deep sleep and sleep duration for the control (r = 0.493) and incentivized groups (r = 0.715). CONCLUSION: Data indicated no significant difference in physical activity between control and incentivisation groups, indicating that WFT such as the jawbone may not impact motivation. Stronger correlation between deep sleep and sleep duration in the incentivized group may demonstrate an impact of motivation on sleep patterns.
Schmidt, Katie A.; Sheets, Courtney J.; Thiel, Kassi A.; Wolf, Morgan G.; and Paradis, Seth A., "The Effects of the Incentive Approach on Physical Activity and Sleep Utilizing Wearable Fitness Technology" (2017). Human Kinetics & Applied Health Sciences Student Works. 5.