Document Type



Thirty-one participants signed up for one 60-minute appointment. The participants took four Arithmetic Tests and rated their perceived stress for each test. The first was a pre-test which allowed the participants to practice the procedure, and no results were recorded. The second was the control test with no music played. The third and fourth tests were randomized to include the fast-tempo or the slow-tempo song. The data recorded was time (in seconds), heart rate, test score (percent correct), and Likert Scale score (number from 1-10) following each test. The data was all recorded in a secure, password-protected online excel sheet. A one-way ANOVA test was conducted to identify if there was a significant difference between the three groups of music tempo with each dependent variable measured. Statistical significance was found between fast music and slow music tempo for perceived stress.


Biokinetics Program; Human Kinetics and Applied Health Science

Date Accepted/Awarded

Spring 5-25-2023


Biokinetics Symposium

First Advisor/Reader

Leah Jackson