Special Education M.A.

Number of Pages


Year Approved


First Advisor

Larson, Susan

Second Reader

Michael Mignard


This literature review examined research on the prevalence of anxiety disorders in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and the effectiveness of therapeutic interventions for managing anxiety symptoms. Studies consistently demonstrated high anxiety rates, ranging from 40% to 91.6%, with specific phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, and social anxiety disorder the most common among autistic adolescents. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), emerged as one of the most effective evidence-based interventions for managing symptoms. Family-focused CBT showed promise in treating anxiety symptoms in young children with ASD, along with modified CBT using visualized language. Mindfulness-based therapies and exposure therapy also proved effective in reducing anxiety symptoms. The review underscored the importance of addressing anxiety in individuals with ASD and the need for effective therapeutic interventions tailored to their unique characteristics.

Degree Name

Special Education M.A.

Document Type

Masterʼs thesis