Teaching M.A.

Number of Pages


Year Approved


First Advisor

Cavalier, Meghan

Second Reader

Erin Wanat;


Scientific literacy and 21st-century skills are two skill sets that can equip students to handle the demands of the modern world. Scientific literacy is knowing the science content, understanding the methods and procedures scientists use, and being able to apply that knowledge to everyday life as citizens. This literature review examined methods to increase scientific literacy in the classroom through vocabulary instruction to increase content knowledge, scientific reading comprehension and writing skills, analyzing and interpreting data, engaging students in argumentation, and teaching through socio-scientific issues. Twenty-first-century skills are skills students need to gain to succeed in this technological age. This literature review also examined several strategies to promote 21st-century skills in a science classroom. Many of the strategies to increase scientific literacy also promote 21st-century skills. To prepare students to be part of an innovative society and workforce, one must incorporate both skill sets in the science classroom.

Degree Name

Teaching M.A.

Document Type

Masterʼs thesis