Education K-12 M.A.

Number of Pages


Year Approved


First Advisor

Lorence Grubidge, Amie

Second Reader

Lisa Silmser;


For millions of high schoolers across the United States, an important precursor for attending a four-year college or university is completing the SAT or ACT. This test score is used in admission decisions to determine how prepared that student is for post-secondary education. This literature review examines the major issues regarding the validity of the SAT and ACT. Research has shown these tests do not solely measure college readiness. There are demographic factors, like race and family income, that have significant effects on scores. Also, test preparation, like tutoring, can increase scores significantly. Additionally, these tests have a high correlation with intelligence tests, and studies have proven that high school factors predict college success better than test scores.

Degree Name

Education K-12 M.A.

Document Type

Masterʼs thesis