Education K-12 M.A.

Year Approved


First Advisor

Silmser, Lisa

Second Reader

Nathan Elliott;


This paper examines the correlation between parental involvement and student academic achievement through a multicultural lens, with a focus on eastern and western parenting. Parenting styles are proven to significantly influence academic achievement and performance (Brown & Iyengar, 2008), with past research suggesting that children tend to benefit most from being raised by an authoritative parent. However, there is growing evidence that western parenting styles (Baumrind's parenting typology) do not directly correlate with observations of student achievement across cultures. This literature review provides an overview of different parenting styles, highlighting dimensions of parenting such as differences in maternal and paternal influence, levels of responsiveness (support/warmth), demandingness (psychological/behavioral control), and autonomy granting. Educational achievement of young students is a robust predictor of socioeconomic attainment in adulthood, subjective well-being, self-esteem, self-efficacy, motivation, and physical health outcomes ( Bae & Wickrama, 2015; Brown & Iyengar, 2008).

Degree Name

Education K-12 M.A.

Document Type

Masterʼs thesis