Education K-12 M.A.

Year Approved


First Advisor

Silmser, Lisa

Second Reader

Nathan Elliott;


This literature review was guided by the research question, “How can the application of the multiple intelligence theory impact a choice based art classroom at the elementary level?” Data collected from this research found increased in student motivation and task engagement when choice and preferred learning styles are used in the classroom. Teacher structure of selection choice and aid in guiding students to build capacity for choice was suggested within younger students. The connection between providing students choice in the classroom and the incorporation of implementing the multiple intelligences has research backing proving that it promotes student engagement and reduces behaviors. With the assimilation of the flipped-classroom teaching model, teachers can assist in achieving choice within the classroom and allowing students to demonstrate their knowledge of the curriculum while managing the differentiation of choice and preferred learning styles. This can be done by providing choice lessons with instructions for students to carry out the learning objective in their selected multiple intelligence learning models with guidance from the teacher.

Degree Name

Education K-12 M.A.

Document Type

Masterʼs thesis