Special Education M.A.

Year Approved


First Advisor

Mrozinski, Jan

Second Reader

Charles Strand;


As trauma is becoming more prevalent among our students, it is essential that districts, schools, and staff understand its impacts in the classroom. The American Psychological Association (2021) estimates that more than ⅔ of children experience a traumatic event by the age of 16. Trauma makes a neurobiological change to the brain that directly affects physical and cognitive performance. Teachers are getting frustrated with behaviors and the lack of learning that is taking place in the classroom. Research shows that evidence-based interventions and programs that are trauma-informed benefit students and show a reduction in unwanted behaviors and an increase in academic achievement. In order to implement these interventions, it takes time, resources, finances, and education systems that are willing to put the social-emotional needs of students and teachers as a priority. The literature review looks at trauma, how it impacts students in the classroom and what programs and strategies help students impacted by it.

Degree Name

Special Education M.A.

Document Type

Masterʼs thesis