Education K-12 M.A.

Year Approved


First Advisor

Elliott, Nathan


This literature review provides a comprehensive overview on the topic of bullying. It explores the various definitions of bullying and how bullying might manifest itself among school aged youth. The common ways that bullying are measured in academic studies is explored. Prevalence data from around the world and over time is analyzed to understand how pervasive bullying is. The effects that bullying has on school aged youth is explored across a large scale down to the molecular biological level and up to the societal level. The many causes of bullying and risk factors shared by all stakeholders that are involved in acts of bullying are explored. It recognizes the role clinicians, educators, and parents can play in identifying these risk factors. The association between bullying and psychosomatic symptoms, long-lasting effects such as depression, anxiety, and suicide are shown to be profound. Bullying is caused by numerous factors including personality traits of the bully and victim, school and home environment, parental involvement and style, etc. Through parent, clinical, district, and educator awareness and early intervention/prevention, adolescents may be dissuaded from affiliation with bullying, not only changing their lives but possibly future lives as well.

Degree Name

Education K-12 M.A.

Document Type

Masterʼs thesis

Included in

Education Commons