Education K-12 M.A.

Year Approved


First Advisor

Rasmussen, Jay


This literature review explores the background of trauma, the physiological effects of trauma on the developing child, and effective trauma informed strategies to assist educators in meeting the challenging needs of all students, especially those who have experienced trauma. Longitudinal research shows that trauma is prevalent and its effects are long lasting. Various effects of trauma contribute to dysfunction in brain processes, which results in academic and behavioral deficits. Trauma informed strategies such as Flexible Framework, Supportive Trauma Interventions for Educators (STRIVE), and Making SPACE for Learning are explained to assist educators in better meeting the needs of students who have experienced trauma.

Degree Name

Education K-12 M.A.

Document Type

Masterʼs thesis

Included in

Education Commons