Special Education M.A.

Year Approved


First Advisor

Elliott, Nathan


This paper includes a comprehensive literature review of the research and best practice implications for providing effective inclusion in the general education setting to individuals with intellectual disabilities. Similarly, it reviews the relevant research regarding effective inclusive practices in adaptive sports, unified programs, and extracurricular activities. The review seeks to answer questions regarding the impact inclusion has on the self-concept and adaptive behaviors of individuals with intellectual; disabilities and their typical functioning peers. The paper provides insights for best practice for educators and information regarding effective frameworks for inclusion in the classroom. Instructional and whole school models that include the Integrated Comprehensive Services (ICS) and Universal Design for Learning (UDL) are exemplars for providing effective instruction for students with intellectual disabilities. Similarly, programs like Special Olympics Unified Sports have been shown to develop an individual’s (those with intellectual disabilities and neuro-typical peers) self-concept and improve pro-social behaviors.

Degree Name

Special Education M.A.

Document Type

Masterʼs thesis