Education K-12 M.A.

Year Approved


First Advisor

Silmser, Lisa


As more and more research is being conducted on learning, the education system is forced to change with it. The approach to creating the right space and culture, lesson planning, instructional methods, and ultimate goal for learning all need a closer look. It is not enough to simply allow students to make mistakes in the classroom. That is just the beginning. The climate needs to one in which mistakes are welcomed, and are an expected part of the learning process. The learners need to feel safe to not only make mistakes, but to use them as part of the process to grow. This review follows studies performed in different classroom environments in which students and instructors respond to errors. Planning failure-based learning gives opportunity for learners to build problem solving skills, critical thinking, and independence - self-regulation skills. It centers around making mistakes, identifying the error, coming up with possible solutions, implementing, and reflecting on the process. The relevant research shows different methods of this, along with critical skills developed and used in the uncomfortable challenge of this learning process.

Degree Name

Education K-12 M.A.

Document Type

Masterʼs thesis

Included in

Education Commons