Teaching M.A.

Year Approved


First Advisor

Wickam, Molly


The purpose of this literature review is to understand why fewer girls than boys enter nontraditional careers. Most girls have opportunities to pursue business and different career and technical education (CTE) courses but girls are still lacking in number. Some girls do not choose these CTE courses because they feel like they have been unfairly stereotyped and experience unnoticed gender biases. Girls also feel like they do not have women to look up to in business because there are few female leaders in the corporate world. There are myths that women do not translate to business leaders because of the work and family narrative but both men and women struggle with the balance of family and work. There emerged many different categories as to why girls do not choose CTE courses and business. These included CTE interest, school disparities in gender, factors contributing to the gender gap, gender and participation in classes, girls’ perceptions of business careers, psychological barriers to business careers, high school transition to post-secondary, professional barriers, lack of female role models, lack of females in C-level positions, lack of comparable earnings, perceptions of work and family, gender attitudes, and attractiveness.

Degree Name

Teaching M.A.

Document Type

Masterʼs thesis