Special Education M.A.

Number of Pages


Year Approved


First Advisor

Elliott, Nathan

Second Reader

Lisa Silmser


The prevalent use of in-school and out-of-school suspensions persists despite evidence indicating behavior improvement and racial disparities in suspensions. Exclusionary discipline’s lasting negative consequences include poor academic achievement, increased negative behavior, barriers to staff-student relationships, potential legal involvement, and more. To address these issues, schools have adopted preventive measures, such as restorative practices (RP), to reduce exclusionary consequences and retain students in school. There is limited empirical research regarding the impact of restorative practices on student behavior and consideration of key concerns and challenges experienced by students and educators. This thesis aims to draw on observations and feedback provided by students and educators, along with disciplinary outcomes, to provide insight into the effectiveness of implementing restorative practices in schools to reduce exclusionary behavior.

Degree Name

Special Education M.A.

Document Type

Masterʼs thesis