Swearing is a form of language commonly used, yet its use is oftentimes viewed negatively in certain contexts (Johnson & Lewis, 2010). Swearing is an interesting form of expression because it is not a behavior typically taught or encouraged by authority figures (Thelwall, 2008). Hamilton (1989) emphasized the importance of examining the influence of perception of profanity usage by the receiver of the profanity, noting that perceived obscenity can differ from person to person. This study examined how gender and political orientation influence perception of profanity usage. Relationship to the user of the expletive, as well as the specific expletive used, were evaluated as factors in perception as well.
Pivaronas, Ashley; Benham, Jessica; and Melhaff, Stephanie
"Perception of Profanity in Interpersonal Relationships,"
Colloquy Undergraduate Research Journal: Vol. 1
, Article 4.
Available at: https://spark.bethel.edu/colloquy/vol1/iss1/4