On the accuracy of computed excited-state dipole moments

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The dipole moments of furan and pyrrole in many electronically excited singlet states have been determined using coupled cluster theory including large one-electron basis sets. The inclusion of connected triple excitations is shown to uniformly decrease the equation-of-motion coupled-cluster singles and doubles (EOM-CCSD) excitation energies by 0.04-0.24 eV, with an average reduction of 0.08 eV. Using a basis set larger than DZP++D (double-t plus polarization augmented with atom- and molecule-centered diffuse functions) uniformly increases the computed EOM-CCSD excitation energies by 0.03-0.29 eV, with an average increase of 0.20 eV. The corresponding shifts in excited-state dipole moments are more erratic. Including connected triple excitations changes the computed dipole moments by an rms amount of 0.17 au. More importantly, using a larger basis set shifts the dipole moments by an rms amount of 0.52 au, with an increase or a decrease being equally likely. The CC dipole moments are compared to those from time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT) computed by Burcl, Amos, and Handy [Chem. Phys. Lett. 2002, 355, 8]. For 29 excited states of furan and pyrrole, the predicted TD-DFT dipole moments differ from the CC results by rms amounts of 1.6 au (HCTH functional) and 1.5 au (B97-1 functional). Including the asymptotic correction to TD-DFT developed by Tozer and Handy [J. Chem. Phys. 1998, 109, 10180; J. Comput. Chem. 1999, 20, 106] reduces the rms differences for both functionals to 1.2 au. If those Rydberg excited states with very large polarizabilities are excluded, the rms differences from the CC results for the remaining 17 excited states become 1.31 au (HCTH) and 0.88 au (B97-1). For asymptotically corrected functionals and this subset of states, the rms differences from the CC results are only 0.54 au (HCTHc) and 0.34 au (B97-lc). Thus, the Tozer-Handy asymptotic correction for TD-DFT significantly improves the predictions of excited-state dipole moments. For excited states without very large polarizabilities, good agreement is achieved between excited-state dipole moments computed by coupled cluster theory and by the asymptotically corrected B97-lc density functional. © 2008 American Chemical Society.



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Journal of Physical Chemistry A





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