Neurotensin modulates the composition of pancreatic exocrine secretions in chickens
The effects of neurotensin on pancreatic exocrine secretion were examined in fasted, conscious White Leghorn hens. A cannula was surgically implanted in the central duct serving the ventral lobe of the pancreas in order to collect pure pancreatic juice. Following recovery, neurotensin was infused intravenously at 3.6 or 10.8 pmol/kg*min. The volume and pH of the pancreatic secretions were recorded and total pancreatic protein concentration, amylase, lipase, trypsin, and chymotrypsin activity were measured every 30 min for 2 hr and compared to secretions following the infusion of 0.9% saline. Our results demonstrated that neurotensin did not affect the pH nor the pancreatic juice protein concentration, but did increase secretion rate following neurotensin infusion at 3.6 pmol/kg*min. Amylase activity was significantly depressed during neurotensin infusions, while lipase (both pancreatic and carboxylester lipase) activity was significantly elevated. The ratio of amylase to lipase activity was especially depressed by neurotensin infusion at 10.8 pmol/kg*min. Insufficient secretory activity prevented a balanced statistical analysis of chymotrypsin activity, but from a pooled analysis, neurotensin had no effect on protease activity in the pancreatic juice. These results support our current research indicating that neurotensin may be a hormonal regulator of postprandial lipid digestion in chickens.
Journal of Experimental Zoology
DeGolier, Teresa F.; Place, Allen R.; Duke, Gary E.; and Carraway, Robert E., "Neurotensin modulates the composition of pancreatic exocrine secretions in chickens" (1999). Biological Sciences Faculty Publications. 18.